coeducation

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coeducation,

instruction of both sexes in the same institution. The economic benefits gained from joint classes and the need to secure equality for women in industrial, professional, and political activities have influenced the spread of coeducation. There were scattered examples of coeducation in the late 17th cent. in Scotland and in the American Colonies, but there was no general trend until the great expansion of public education between 1830 and 1845 in the developing W United States. The distance between schools in that region and the small number of pupils caused elementary schools to admit girls. The movement spread naturally to the secondary schools during the reorganization of public education after the Civil War. Oberlin College gave degrees to both men and women as early as 1837, but it was the development of state universities during the post–Civil War era that standardized collegiate coeducation. Since 1960 nearly every formerly single-sex college has become coeducational; only about one hundred, mostly historic women's schools and men's seminaries, remain. The coeducational movement encountered stronger resistance outside the United States. In Europe, the Scandinavian countries were the earliest supporters, but many other nations limited coeducation to institutions of higher learning. Although coeducation has expanded since World War II, there are many nations where it still meets opposition on religious and cultural grounds.

Bibliography

See C. Lasser, ed., Educating Men and Women Together (1987); D. Tyack and E. Hansot, Learning Together (1990).

coeducation

instruction in schools, colleges, etc., attended by both sexes
References in periodicals archive ?
As a council we are only consulting on the principle of co-education in the first instance, but we would like to know your views on what could be the most significant change to education in Barry for decades.
School officials said the transition to co-education was nearly flawless.
QUETTA, May 21 -- In a major development a long-awaited directorate and college for female nurses in Balochistan have been announced whereas introduction of service rules, resuming training in a school for male nurses which was closed down on account of co-education issue in 1999 has also been announced.
The Greater Amman Municipality (GAM) recently distributed school bags to the students of Arwa Bint Abdel Muttaleb Co-education Primary School, Al-Khushafiya Al-Janobiya Primary School for Boys in Uhod district, and Um 'Aamara Secondary School for Girls in Sahab.
Western groups have been working with the Pakistani government to promote girls' education in parts of northwest Pakistan, where militants opposed to co-education have destroyed hundreds of schools.
Yousif said that although he has already obtained permission from the ministry to implement co-education in six of his own private schools he is yet to begin teaching.
This distinctive structure provides all the academic benefits of a single sex education combined with the social benefits of co-education.
His resignation from the senior ulema came just days after he appeared on the Qatar-based al-Majd satellite channel and lashed out at the newly-opened flagship King Abdullah Science and Technology University for offering co-education.
The authority said it also considered co-education in schools and universities to be a vice.
We are looking at some of the sciences that have included some irregular and alien ideologies, like evolution and such other ideologies," said Shithri, who is one of several clerics who objected to co-education at the university.
In 2002, after 700 years of boys only education, 24 girls joined the sixth form as the school moved to co-education.
and the only way we will do this through co-education from day one," said.