Coast Artillery

Coast Artillery

 

a form of maritime artillery set up on a coast. Its purpose is to do combat with hostile surface vessels in the coastal zone; it may also be used to destroy land targets. Coast artillery developed considerably in the middle of the 19th century with the appearance of armored ships; its armament began to include naval guns. In the navy of the USSR, coast artillery is equipped with radar and fire-control devices. The main fire subunit is the artillery battery, which is armed with heavy-, medium-, and small-caliber artillery mounts. Coast artillery includes fixed (turret-housed and shield-protected) and mobile batteries. Turreted batteries (heavy-caliber guns) are set up in armored turrets; shield batteries (medium- and small-caliber artillery mounts) are set up on open sites and have armored shields that protect personnel and gun mechanisms from strikes by shell fragments. Mobile batteries may have guns mounted on special railroad flatcars (very-heavy-caliber guns) or may be on mechanical traction.

B. I. SERGEENKO

References in periodicals archive ?
In World War I, the Coast Artillery Corps was responsible for mine defenses in major ports.
In the opening pages, we find ourselves on the road of the Bataan Death March with Jack, an 18-year-old member of the 200th Coast Artillery Regiment.
When and how do you decide to phase out old weapons like coast artillery or cavalry?
Central focus on men of 200th Coast Artillery Regiment who spent years in Japanese captivity on Bataan, Philippines, during WWII.
While coast artillery units continued manning their forts early in the war, none ever fired a shot in anger.
Benjamin Vinci, a disabled World War II veteran, who served as a member of the 97th Army Coast Artillery Guard, is seeking anyone who recalls him being wounded by machinegun fire from a Japanese aircraft on Dec.
Artillerymen also faced a unique problem, the decision in 1946 to merge field and coast artillery into a single branch.
So far my remarks have all related to the service of coast artillery.
Army with the Sea Coast Artillery in the Aleutian Islands and Kodiak, Alaska, during World War II.
The life histories convey the sense of adventure among women war workers from the mainland; the sense of pride among the members of the 369th Coast Artillery Regiment, an African-American unit from Harlem; th deeply engrained concepts of gender difference that shaped heterosexual romance sex, and marriage; and the "fragile connections" established between men and women who dared to date across racial and ethnic lines.
Army Signal Corps in 1936 and demonstrated before the secretary of war in 1937, was subjected to exhaustive tests by the Coast Artillery.
Lemnitzer (August 29, 1899); graduated from West Point and received his commission in the Coast Artillery (1920); served at Fort Monroe, Virginia and in Rhode Island (1921); served in Philippines (1921-1926) before returning to West Point as an instructor (1926-1930); after further service in the Philippines and elsewhere, he was again an instructor at West Point (1934-1935); and graduated from the Command and General Staff School (1936); an instructor at the Coast Artillery School (1936-1939); graduated from the Army War College (1940); assigned to staff duty with Coast Artillery units in the southern U.