Long-term changes in topsoil chemical properties under centuries of cultivation after reclamation of coastal wetlands
in the Yangtze Estuary China.
Sociodemographic variables defining the finite mixture probabilities are comprised of household income and the Likert-scale response indicating the importance of coastal wetland
Comparison of water salinities at RAK's four coastal wetlands
, taken on 10.
and Assets in the Gulf of Mexico Gulf Coast Protected Lands Historic Loss of Gulf Coast Wetlands Wetland Loss in Louisiana Coastal Habitat as Home Breeding Grounds and Nurseries Stopover Areas for Migrants Threatened and Endangered Species Oil Spills: Impacts on Wetland Habitats and Animals Estimating Mortality Birds Marine Mammals Endangered Species Weather and Storms Mitigation and Cleanup of Wetlands Mechanical Recovery Flushing Applying Chemical Dispersants Burning Cutting Back Vegetation Bioremediation Doing Nothing Oil Spill Response: Who Decides What to Do?
171) The standard for the surface restoration duty proposed herein conforms to this objective, resulting in a sustainable coastal wetland
balanced against the cost of perfect restoration.
Long before Katrina, coastal wetlands
were disappearing because of considerable human influence and disruption in the natural processes of a deltaic coast.
One lesson that can be derived from these recent disasters is the critical role of coastal wetlands
in protecting inland areas.
This coastal wetland
is disappearing at a rate of 25 square miles per year.
According to studies carried by the Hadley Centre for Climate Prediction and Research in Britain, 40-50 percent of the world's remaining coastal wetlands
will be lost by 2080, due to a combination of drainage for agriculture, urban sprawl, and the effects of a 1-meter sea level rise.
Furthermore, projects initiated under the Coastal Wetland
Planning, Protection, and Restoration Act of 1990 (CWPPRA) are designed to eliminate further losses and to reverse past losses through a wide range of techniques such as water and sediment diversion, revegetation, and canal closure.
Since human population and development pressures are intense in southern California, strong measures are needed to protect remaining coastal wetland
This is alarming in view of the coastal wetland
loss rate in the United States estimated by Alexander et al.