Coated Fabric

coated fabric

[′kōd·əd ′fab·rik]
A fabric that has been coated, covered, or impregnated with substances such as lacquer, varnish, rubber, or polymers.

Coated Fabric


fabric covered on one or both sides with a water-repellent coating made from siccative vegetable oils (oilcloth), concentrated high-styrene synthetic latices (latex-coated fabric), or plasticized polyvinyl chloride (polyvinyl chloride-coated fabric). All of the coatings contain large quantities of fillers. Coated fabrics are produced from smooth and pile fabrics; fabrics are sometimes combined with porolon to make them softer. Coated fabrics are used in consumer goods (tablecloths and various other articles) and in the printing, garment, and furniture industries, as well as for medical purposes. The weight of coated fabric is 300–400 g/m2 or more, depending on its purpose. The main requirements made of coated fabrics are ability to drape, elasticity, absence of stickiness, and water resistance.

The manufacture of oilcloth consists of the following operations: boiling of the drying oil, preparation of the kaolin base coat (consisting of an aqueous suspension of kaolin, an emulsifier, and drying oil) and the pigment base coat, and application of several layers to the previously cleaned and smoothed fabric, with calendering and drying between layers. The colored pattern is then applied, and the fabric is covered with lacquer. Some types of coated fabrics are embossed.

The manufacture of latex-coated fabrics includes preparation of the latex-containing base coats and application of the base coats to the fabric in four to six passes, with intermediate drying, application of color printing, lacquer-coating, embossing, and curing. Polyvinyl chloride-coated fabrics are manufactured from emulsion and suspension types of polyvinyl chloride. Emulsion polyvinyl chloride is blended with plasticizers to form a paste, which is mixed with fillers and pigments. The paste is spread over the fabric and heat-treated (up to 200°C). The semifinished product is calendered and cooled. Mixing of suspension-type polyvinyl chloride with plasticizers produces a swelled powder, which yields a plastic mass (plasticate) upon mixing with fillers, pigments, and stabilizers in heavy equipment with thermomechanical treatment (mixers, mixer-truders, and rolls). A film is then formed at high temperatures and is applied to the fabric. The color pattern is applied after cooling.


References in periodicals archive ?
a China-based producer of PU coated fabric for global markets.
Key Topics Covered: 1 Introduction 2 Research Methodology 3 Executive Summary 4 Premium Insights 5 Market Overview 6 Industry Trends 7 Coated Fabric Market, By Product 8 Coated Fabrics Market, By Application 9 Coated Fabrics Market, By Region 10 Competitive Landscape 11 Company Profiles - Continental Ag - Haartz Corporation - Morbern Inc.
Protective coatings accounted for coated fabric demand of 526.
Oflex is a bio-based thermoplastic polyolefin coated fabric made from Gaialene, a sustainable thermoplastic plant-based resin.
Its protective wrap is an impregnated and coated fabric, laminated to a non-fibrous plastic membrane.
Biscor manufactures, converts and markets PTFE (Teflon[R]) coated and silicone rubber coated fabric for industries including the food processing sector.
plant to recover reusable flexible vinyl from wire and cable, coated fabric, and other composites by means of Solvay's Vinyloop technology.
This investment clearly reinforces Graniteville's long-term commitment to being a leader and world-class provider of coated fabric and custom coatings to the industrial, military, commercial, and recreational market segments," said Jim Egan, president of Graniteville Specialty Fabrics.
The significant size of the transportation equipment industries in North America and Western Europe supports coated fabric demand by enabling a high level of production capacity for related components that are most likely to feature coated fabrics, such as motor vehicle airbags, upholstery and trim for motor vehicles, and marine equipment and aircraft.
In dollar value terms, coated fabric sales are predicted to rise to $3.
Silicone rubber coated fabric is also used as a curtain fabric.
polyvinyl chloride, polyurethane and acrylic) accounted for the vast majority of US coated fabric sales in 2000, with an 83-percent share.