Cochabamba

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Cochabamba

(kōchäbäm`bä), city (1992 pop. 407,825), alt. c.8,400 ft (2,560 m), capital of Cochabamba dept., W central Bolivia, the third largest city in Bolivia. It is a commercial center in an agricultural region that ships grains, coffee, tobacco, sugarcane, cacao, fruits, and potatoes. Industries produce goods mainly for local consumption. Founded in 1574, the city was called Villa de Oropeza and was renamed in 1786. Cochabamba has many historical buildings, including a convent with five paintings by the Spanish artist GoyaGoya y Lucientes, Francisco José de
, 1746–1828, Spanish painter and graphic artist. Goya is generally conceded to be the greatest painter of his era. Early Life and Work

After studying in Zaragoza and Madrid and then in Rome, Goya returned c.
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, and a monument to the women of the city who fought and died in the Bolivian war of independence (1815). Cochabamba is the seat of the Universidad Mayor de San Simón.

Cochabamba

 

a city in Bolivia on the southern slopes of the Cordillera Oriental at an elevation of about 2,600 m. Capital of Cochabamba department. Population, 150,000 (1970). Railroad station.

A highway junction, Cochabamba is a tourist resort and the principal economic center of eastern Bolivia, with food, textile, and leather industries. There is also oil refining. The city has a university. Cochabamba was founded in 1574.