carmine

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Related to Cochineal dye: Cochineal extract

carmine

a. a vivid red colour, sometimes with a purplish tinge
b. (as adjective): carmine paint

Carmine

 

a red dye extracted from the bodies of wingless female cochineal insects. Carmine, a complex organic carminic acid, is extracted from the insects with hot water and acetic acid. It is soluble in water and alkalies. One gram of carmine is obtained from 150-175 insects. Carmine is used as a food coloring and a cosmetic dye. It is also used to stain microscopic specimens.

References in periodicals archive ?
According to one scholar, the tradition of reddish tones began in the sixteenth century with the onset of cochineal dye production: hut today these brilliant tones derive from commercial aniline dyes.
Bright colors from synthetic dyes--whether in your food or on your body--were not considered worth dying for, even if cochineal dyes, at about $80 per kilogram, are almost ten times more expensive.