Coconut Palm

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Coconut Palm


(Cocos nucifera), a plant of the family Palmaceae. The trunk measures 20–25 m in height and 50–60 cm in diameter. The leaves are pinnate and 3–6.5 m long. The flowers, which are unisexual and on spikes, are gathered into panicles (length, up to 1.2 m). The fruit is a coconut, which is a drupe weighing 1.5–2.5 kg. The outer shell of the fruit is fibrous. The inner shell is hard and has three pores that lead to three ovules. Only one ovule develops into a seed. Initially the seed endosperm is liquid and transparent. Drops of oil appear in the endosperm, which then becomes a milky emulsion, thickens, and solidifies.

The ripe endosperm, containing 30–35 percent oil, is used to produce copra. The oil from copra is of great dietary and industrial importance. The solid residue of the copra is used as fodder. The endosperm of unripe coconuts yields coconut milk, which is used as a beverage and in food. Sugar, syrup, and wine are produced from the sap of the inflorescence. Coir, used in the manufacture of ropes, mats, and brushes, is obtained from the fibrous husk of the coconut and from the leaf fibers. The wood from the trunks is an excellent building material.

Since antiquity the coconut palm has been cultivated in the tropics of both hemispheres, primarily in the Philippines, the Malay Archipelago, the Malay Peninsula, India, and Sri Lanka (Ceylon). The area devoted to the cultivation of coconut palms is 3.4 million hectares. The coconut palm thrives along sea-coasts. Coconuts that fall into the water are dispersed by sea currents. Formerly, many different species were known as coconut palms. They are now assigned to other closely related genera, such as Arikuryroba, Butia, and Syagrus, and to other families of palms.


Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia iikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
Menon, K. P. V., and K. M. Pandalai. The Coconut Palm: A Monograph. Ernakulam, 1958.


References in periodicals archive ?
Therefore, this study aimed to investigate the biochemical mechanisms associated with the isolated and/or simultaneous actions of water deficit and soil salinity on seedlings of coconut palm, evaluating the accumulation of organic solutes in leaves and roots.
Dead, standing coconut palms and severely damaged palms were felled and removed along with many tons of rotting coconut debris from vacant lots.
The annual production of coconut from coconut palm trees at about 1455 feddans is 6551 tons.
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The coconut palm is distributed in Venezuelan forests and coastal areas.
As for your coconut palm, it will prove more difficult to grow.
Young says the minimalist garden, in which wonderfully spare and sculptural coconut palms and bamboo are carefully placed in geometric groupings that echo the Guy Peterson-designed residence's architecture, "celebrates the balance between the built and natural environment.
Hawaii, Volunteer from local groups and from Eddie Bauer, the Honolulu Department of Parks and Recretion, and The Outdoor Circle planted 50 native Hawaiian trees, including coconut palm, monkeypod, and beach hellotrope.
It is the opposite of the coconut palm (Cocos nucifera), a monoecious palm that has colonized all the world's tropical coastlines because its seeds can float for many weeks and then germinate on beaches (see volume 10, pages 367 and 368).
The coconut palm is an important crop plant in the coastal humid tropics for both subsistence agriculture and as a major trade commodity.
The coconut palm produces coconuts as a means of propagation (the lifetime ambition of a coconut is to become a large palm - not to become activated carbon).