codeine

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codeine

(kō`dēn), alkaloid found in opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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. It is a narcoticnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
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 whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abusedrug addiction and drug abuse,
chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying
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.

Codeine

 

an alkaloid contained in opium. Codeine is similar to morphine in chemical structure; however, its analgesic effect is less powerful. It relieves irritability of the coughing center. Codeine or codeine phosphate is prescribed for coughs. It is administered in the form of tablets or powders, mixed with sugar, sodium hydrocarbonate, terpin hydrate, thermopsis, and licorice powder. Codeine, in combination with soporifics and bromide preparations, is used as a sedative. Codeine is not prescribed for children. Prolonged use of codeine may cause addiction.

codeine

[′kō‚dēn]
(pharmacology)
C18H21NO3 An alkaloid prepared from morphine; used as mild analgesic and cough suppressant.

codeine

a white crystalline alkaloid prepared mainly from morphine and having a similar but milder action. It is used as an analgesic, an antidiarrhoeal, and to relieve coughing. Formula: C18H21NO3
References in periodicals archive ?
In 100 ml measuring flask 15 mg of Codeine Phosphate was transferred, added 70 ml mobile phase then sonicated to dissolve and and again added mobile phase to make volume up to the mark.
You admitted that you had taken the codeine phosphate on 14 February 2013 and consumed it whilst on duty," said the three-member panel.
In the immediate postoperative period, Gray e Matta (200530) support that nonventilated patients must be treated with oral, rectal or intramuscular codeine phosphate (30-60 mg/4-hourly) associated with paracetamol (1g/6-hourly) to propitiate a potentiated effect of the codeine.
The decision document continued: "The allegation that the registrant faces, is that he inappropriately consumed liquid Codeine Phosphate, which he had taken from the medicine cupboard.
Codeine phosphate is only available on prescription, but is available over the counter in painkillers combined with aspirin, paracetamol or ibuprofen.
Many of the drugs are cough and cold preparations that include pheniramine maleate and dexbrompheniramine maleate, or single-ingredient narcotics such as codeine phosphate and oxycodone HCl.
In a different study, sweat patches worn for 2 days after codeine phosphate administration (15) had a mean codeine concentration <20 ng/patch.
With regard to the Global Views topic "Postoperative Pain Control after Craniotomy" [J Neurosci Nurs 1999; 31 (1); 47-49], my experience has been that if the infant or child is not intubated and ventilated, a combination of codeine phosphate (0.
Ms Clark told the court: "He gained access to a treatment ward and took four packs of codeine phosphate.
Tenders are invited for Syp Codeine Phosphate Plus Cpm 15 Mg Per 5 Ml
Palmer then took out a packet of codeine phosphate tablets and took four or five of them before the security officer managed to get them from him, believing he was deliberately overdosing.