codeine

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codeine

(kō`dēn), alkaloid found in opiumopium,
substance derived by collecting and drying the milky juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. Opium varies in color from yellow to dark brown and has a characteristic odor and a bitter taste.
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. It is a narcoticnarcotic,
any of a number of substances that have a depressant effect on the nervous system. The chief narcotic drugs are opium, its constituents morphine and codeine, and the morphine derivative heroin.

See also drug addiction and drug abuse.
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 whose effects, though less potent, resemble those of morphinemorphine,
principal derivative of opium, which is the juice in the unripe seed pods of the opium poppy, Papaver somniferum. It was first isolated from opium in 1803 by the German pharmacist F. W. A. Sertürner, who named it after Morpheus, the god of dreams.
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. An effective cough suppressant, it is mainly used in cough medicines. Like other narcotics, codeine is addictive. See drug addiction and drug abusedrug addiction and drug abuse,
chronic or habitual use of any chemical substance to alter states of body or mind for other than medically warranted purposes. Traditional definitions of addiction, with their criteria of physical dependence and withdrawal (and often an underlying
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.

Codeine

 

an alkaloid contained in opium. Codeine is similar to morphine in chemical structure; however, its analgesic effect is less powerful. It relieves irritability of the coughing center. Codeine or codeine phosphate is prescribed for coughs. It is administered in the form of tablets or powders, mixed with sugar, sodium hydrocarbonate, terpin hydrate, thermopsis, and licorice powder. Codeine, in combination with soporifics and bromide preparations, is used as a sedative. Codeine is not prescribed for children. Prolonged use of codeine may cause addiction.

codeine

[′kō‚dēn]
(pharmacology)
C18H21NO3 An alkaloid prepared from morphine; used as mild analgesic and cough suppressant.

codeine

a white crystalline alkaloid prepared mainly from morphine and having a similar but milder action. It is used as an analgesic, an antidiarrhoeal, and to relieve coughing. Formula: C18H21NO3
References in periodicals archive ?
She was accused of numerous incidents of allegedly misappropriating codeine phosphate tablets and consuming some of them while still on duty.
He then subsequently recorded in Patient A's medical records that he had administered 60mg of liquid Codeine Phosphate to Patient A.
They said that in the past three months, they had seen three patients with addictions to Nurofen Plus, which is made up of codeine phosphate and ibuprofen.
Codeine Phosphate is now only available on prescription but is freely available in painkillers combined with aspirin, paracetamol, or ibuprofen.
The jacket contained 100ml of liquid morphine, 10mg of the painkiller Oramorph, two mg of diazepam, 300mg of the anti-depressant Gobopitlin, 30mg of codeine phosphate, 10mg of Dihydrocodeine and four mg of the anti-depressant drug Tofrinal.
Q I TRIED Tormentil which meant I was able to stop my Imodium and Codeine Phosphate.
Many of the drugs are cough and cold preparations that include pheniramine maleate and dexbrompheniramine maleate, or single-ingredient narcotics such as codeine phosphate and oxycodone HCl.
In a different study, sweat patches worn for 2 days after codeine phosphate administration (15) had a mean codeine concentration <20 ng/patch.
With regard to the Global Views topic "Postoperative Pain Control after Craniotomy" [J Neurosci Nurs 1999; 31 (1); 47-49], my experience has been that if the infant or child is not intubated and ventilated, a combination of codeine phosphate (0.
For diarrhoea, there's loperamide and codeine phosphate, and for constipation, gentle laxatives.
Three members of staff working for University Hospitals Coventry & Warwickshire NHS Trust were suspended this year for taking prescription-prescriptionstrength painkillers strength codeine phosphate and ketamine, and the anti-antinausea drug cyclizine, it nausea was alleged.