Coffea


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Related to Coffea: Coffea canephora, Coffea arabica

Coffea

 

a genus of evergreen trees and shrubs of the family Rubiaceae. There are approximately 50 species, found in the tropics and subtropics of Africa and Asia. Four or five species are grown in the warm countries of both hemispheres. The common, or Arabian, coffee tree (Coffea arabica) is a small tree with lateral branches; coriaceous, dark green, opposite leaves; and large, fragrant, white flowers. The bright red or bluish purple drupe-like fruits have juicy flesh and contain two flat convex seeds, or coffee beans. It is primarily this species that is grown to obtain high quality coffee. The common coffee tree is native to Ethiopia.

The cultivation of coffee began in the 14th and 15th centuries in the Arabian Peninsula. It was only in the 18th century that coffee was imported to Brazil, where up to 50 percent of the world’s coffee plantations are located today (more than 442 billion trees). One tree yields about 1 kg of seeds (approximately 2 tons per hectare). The species C. liberica and C. canephora (C. robusta) are grown less frequently. Some species are grown as ornamentals.

REFERENCES

Zhukovskii, P. M. Kul’turnye rasteniia iikh sorodichi, 3rd ed. Leningrad, 1971.
Siniagin, I. I. Tropicheskoe zemledelie. Moscow, 1968.
Wellman, F. L. Coffee: Botany, Cultivation, and Utilization. London-New York, 1961.

V. N. GLADKOVA

References in periodicals archive ?
Besides containing Coffea arabica, Replere formulations also feature pine bark, goji and acai berries, grape seed, pomegranate, green tea and vitamins A, C, and E.
Still a bit of a novelty in the specialty industry the name of Kaffa coffee has rapidly grown over the last few years and for good reasons: this is where scientists and researchers say the source of Coffea Arabica can be traced beyond evidence based on the reasoning that the source of origin for a species is defined according to where the species is find in its widest extension.
Coffea arabica mae'n debyg sy'n cynhyrchu'r ffa coffi gorau, ac mae'r goeden hon yn dod yn wreiddiol o goedwigoedd ucheldir Ethiopia a de Sudan, ble mae'n dal i dyfu'n wyllt.
Coffea arabica seed oil is extracted by cold pressing green coffee beans.
In the Middle Ages, Arabs imported the Coffea Arabica plant from Ethiopia to the south west of the Arabian Peninsula and started a rich coffee culture and trade.
The effects of yeasts involved in the fermentation of Coffea arabica in East Africa on growth and ochratoxin A (OTA) production by Aspergillus ochraceus.
Because of its high concentration of the active ingredient, chlorogenic acid, green coffee bean extract from the unroasted fruit of Coffea arabica may also prove to be a useful weight management tool.
An exception was that of Coffea benghalensis, where the juice obtained from freshly plucked flowers were directly applied to eyes of cattle for treatment of cataract.
He says: " it is important to correct the basic cause of sleep loss but herbal preparations such as valerian and passionflower help, as do Homeopathic medicines like Coffea and Chamomila.
For example, says the Society of Homeopaths website, someone with insomnia might be given coffea, a remedy made from coffee -a substance known to cause insomnia.
The phenylpropenoid amides are found in several plants, including Coffea canephora, Theobroma cacao, Amorphophallus konja, Ipomoea obscura and Carthamus tinctorius (Niwa et al.