Cogeneration

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cogeneration

[‚kō‚jen·ə′rā·shən]
(mechanical engineering)
The simultaneous on-site generation of electric energy and process steam or heat from the same plant.

Cogeneration

The simultaneous production of electrical or mechanical energy (power) and useful thermal energy from the same fuel/energy source such as oil, coal, gas, biomass, or solar panels. Conventionally, heat is emitted through cooling towers or flue gas is lost, but cogeneration makes use of that heat. A cogeneration plant is often referred to as a combined heat and power plant.

Cogeneration

The sequential production of electricity and thermal energy in the form of heat or steam, or useful mechanical work, such as shaft power, from the same fuel source. Cogeneration projects are typically represented by two basic types of power cycles, topping or bottoming. The topping cycle has the widest industrial application.

The topping cycle utilizes the primary energy source to generate electrical or mechanical power. Then the rejected heat, in the form of useful thermal energy, is supplied to the process. The cycle consists of a combustion turbine-generator, with the turbine exhaust gases directed into a waste-heat-recovery boiler that converts the exhaust gas heat into steam which drives a steam turbine, extracting steam to the process while driving an electric generator. This cycle is commonly referred to as a combined cycle arrangement. Combustion turbine-generators, steam turbine-generator sets, and reciprocating internal-combustion-engine generators are representative of the major equipment components utilized in a topping cycle. See Generator, Steam turbine, Turbine

A bottoming cycle has the primary energy source applied to a useful heating process. The reject heat from the process is then used to generate electrical power. The typical bottoming cycle directs waste heat from a process to a waste-heat-recovery boiler that converts this thermal energy to steam which is supplied to a steam turbine, extracting steam to the process and also generating electrical power. See Electric power generation

Cogeneration for building and district space heating and cooling purposes consists of producing electricity and sequentially utilizing useful energy in the form of steam, hot water, or direct exhaust gases. The two most common heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning cycles are the vapor compression cycle and the absorption cycle. See Air conditioning, Central heating and cooling

cogeneration

In a building, the on-site electric power generation utilizing both the electrical power and steam or hot water which is developed; in some municipalities in the US, if excess electrical power is generated, it may be sold to the utility.
References in periodicals archive ?
The new impacts of the program are visible at locations across the Palm Springs community -- from the retrofit of the cogen plant to the installation of LED streetlights on Palm Canyon Drive.
Achieving this important commercial milestone is the culmination of a large investment and development program," said Paul van de Loo, CEO of Cogen Microsystems.
Mr Cogen confirmed the effective role that can be played by this city in encouraging private sector and local and foreign investors to invest in the kingdom, particularly with procedures and facilities provided by the government to all investors.
By replacing commercial gas with renewable, carbon-neutral landfill gas as the primary fuel, the COGEN plant will stabilize energy costs for the university and ensure the plant has a dependable source of fuel for decades to come.
Cogen for a pounds 32m 80 megawatt CHP plant, built by cogen at BASF's 300 acre
Under his leadership, New Haven became a great flagship city for urban redevelopment and later urban renewal, and then in human renewal," said Joel Cogen, executive director of the CCM.
Its solutions include Point, S3+, COGEN, iSolutions, PABBLO, RISKMASTER, LitigationAdvisor, Colossus, @Fault, @First and Fraud Investigator.
Fast-track cogen plant uses gas turbine-generator sets to dry fiberboard, by Ken Peters, Vericor Power Systems
This American surgeon, Dr Philip Cogen, removed 97 per cent of her tumour and the other three per cent is being treated by chemotherapy.
The Proposer shall provide SMUD with Consulting Engineer Services for the: SMUD Financing Authority%s (SFA), Cosumnes Power Plant (CPP) Central Valley Financing Authority%s CVFA Cogen I (aka Carson Cogen) Sacramento Cogeneration Authority%s SCA Cogen II (aka Procter Cogen) Sacramento Power Authority%s SPA Cogen III (aka Campbells Cogen Consulting services will be for a five (5) year period starting with the first quarter 2016 thru completion of the 2020 Fiscal Year%s report.
Raymond Cogen, SCAN Health Plan Arizona's chief medical officer.
The eight megawatt Cogen (steam) power plant will utilize combined heat and power (CHP), which integrates the two sources into a single, highly-efficient process, reducing fuel demand and emissions.