Cogeneration

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cogeneration

[‚kō‚jen·ə′rā·shən]
(mechanical engineering)
The simultaneous on-site generation of electric energy and process steam or heat from the same plant.

Cogeneration

The simultaneous production of electrical or mechanical energy (power) and useful thermal energy from the same fuel/energy source such as oil, coal, gas, biomass, or solar panels. Conventionally, heat is emitted through cooling towers or flue gas is lost, but cogeneration makes use of that heat. A cogeneration plant is often referred to as a combined heat and power plant.

Cogeneration

The sequential production of electricity and thermal energy in the form of heat or steam, or useful mechanical work, such as shaft power, from the same fuel source. Cogeneration projects are typically represented by two basic types of power cycles, topping or bottoming. The topping cycle has the widest industrial application.

The topping cycle utilizes the primary energy source to generate electrical or mechanical power. Then the rejected heat, in the form of useful thermal energy, is supplied to the process. The cycle consists of a combustion turbine-generator, with the turbine exhaust gases directed into a waste-heat-recovery boiler that converts the exhaust gas heat into steam which drives a steam turbine, extracting steam to the process while driving an electric generator. This cycle is commonly referred to as a combined cycle arrangement. Combustion turbine-generators, steam turbine-generator sets, and reciprocating internal-combustion-engine generators are representative of the major equipment components utilized in a topping cycle. See Generator, Steam turbine, Turbine

A bottoming cycle has the primary energy source applied to a useful heating process. The reject heat from the process is then used to generate electrical power. The typical bottoming cycle directs waste heat from a process to a waste-heat-recovery boiler that converts this thermal energy to steam which is supplied to a steam turbine, extracting steam to the process and also generating electrical power. See Electric power generation

Cogeneration for building and district space heating and cooling purposes consists of producing electricity and sequentially utilizing useful energy in the form of steam, hot water, or direct exhaust gases. The two most common heating, ventilating, and air-conditioning cycles are the vapor compression cycle and the absorption cycle. See Air conditioning, Central heating and cooling

cogeneration

In a building, the on-site electric power generation utilizing both the electrical power and steam or hot water which is developed; in some municipalities in the US, if excess electrical power is generated, it may be sold to the utility.
References in periodicals archive ?
Las normas de ius cogens como limite a la voluntad estatal y criticas a su formulacion
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I will continue to engage with the people of Carnbroe, CoGen and the local authority to ensure that the voice of the community is heard.
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10 Though identification of the content of jus cogens norms has been a debated issue yet human rights are almost invariable designated part of it' because majority of the case law where the concept of jus cogen is called forth is taken up with human rights and whenever students are asked to come with examples of jus cogens in most of the cases their answer is human rights.
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Dessa maneira, em consequencia dessa evolucao, houve o reconhecimento expresso de determinadas normas como normas peremptorias de direito internacional, jus cogens, tal como previsto na Convencao de Viena sobre o Direito dos Tratados de 1969 (4), cujo art.
government officials accused of acts violating jus cogens from civil
Yet, whether human rights norms, as such, take precedence over WTO law is not immediately obvious, unless, of course, the human right in issue is a jus cogens norm.
Part III then provides examples of practice in the area of jus cogens norms, customary law, and treaty law where it appears moral obligation is driving the understanding of law among human rights actors.