cohort

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cohort

Biology a taxonomic group that is a subdivision of a subclass (usually of mammals) or subfamily (of plants)

cohort

a group of persons possessing a common characteristic, such as being born in the same year, or entering school on the same date. The term is usually used in making generalizations derived from quantitative data (see QUANTITATIVE RESEARCH TECHNIQUES).

Cohort

 

(Latin cohors ). (1) A tactical subdivision of a legion in ancient Rome from the second century B.c. A legion had ten cohorts, each with from 360 to 600 men.

(2) Figuratively, a tightly knit group of people.

(3) A biological classification category that unites several related orders. For instance, the cohort of the Unguiculata includes the orders Insectívora, Dermoptera, Chiroptera, and Primates.

cohort

[′kō‚hȯrt]
(statistics)
A group of individuals who experience a significant event, such as birth, during the same period of time.
References in periodicals archive ?
Enrolling and dosing the fifth patient in this cohort triggers the final $1.
And while the researchers could only speculate about the reasons for the higher prevalence of arthritis seen in recent cohorts, it was possible there had been "unrecognized changes over time in environmental or biologic exposures.
Burge identifies the traits of cohort 1 as core identity formation, developing peer relationships as well as student and college validation.
It will consist of a sequential dose escalation, with ten patients per cohort receiving four weeks of a once-daily dose of either 5, 10, 25, 50 or 100 mg of CMX157, and two patients per cohort receiving 300 mg of TDF.
The average total wealth of veterans' households, measured in 2010 dollars, was $883,000 for those in the oldest cohort and $648,000 for those in the youngest cohort.
The first interesting finding was that the chance of surviving from birth to 93 years was 28% higher in the 1915 cohort than in the 1905 cohort and the chance of reaching 95 years was 32% higher in the 1915 cohort.
2) Furthermore, for all cohorts, the average quality of each published paper and page is about three times better for graduates of the top programs compared to the non-top programs.
In a third example, the cohorts are defined by groups of people who are within a range of five years of age.
To construct the prediction of the aggregate LFP rate for 2008-12, we assign, for cohorts born after 1991, the average cohort effect of the last 20 cohorts.
By comparing the results for Early Boomers to those for earlier cohorts who experienced more favorable economic conditions while in their mid-50s, the authors can provide some sense of the recession's effects, although they caution "there are many reasons for the differences in retirement behavior [and other outcomes] of members of different cohorts, so a simple comparison may not isolate the effects of the recession.
OBJECTIVES: Our goal was to create a comprehensive overview of European birth cohorts with environmental exposure data.
The current study's aim was to compare the life expectancy among two different cohorts enrolled in the prospective Pittsburgh EDC Study of childhood-onset type 1 diabetes.