Chur

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Chur

(ko͞or), Fr. Coire, Romansh Cuera, city (1990 pop. 30,236), capital of Grisons canton, E Switzerland, on the Plessur River. Chur is an important transportation junction near the Rhine Valley. Chur's main industry is tourism, but it is also an important trading center for wines and synthetic ammonia. Chur was capital of the Roman province of Rhaetia. In the 5th cent. it became an episcopal see; the bishops were later made princes of the Holy Roman Empire. The temporal power of the prince-bishops was limited (c.1465) by the townspeople and later, when the Reformation was accepted (1524–26), ended altogether. The modern inhabitants are a mix of Roman Catholic and Protestant. Outstanding buildings are a restored 8th-century church, the Renaissance episcopal palace, the cathedral (begun 12th cent.), and the Rhaetian Museum (of folklore). Most of the inhabitants speak German, but there are Romansh- and Italian-speaking minorities. The Swiss painter Angelica KauffmannKauffmann, Angelica
, 1741–1807, Swiss neoclassical painter and graphic artist. From her youth she was known for her artistic, musical, and linguistic abilities. She went to England, where she enjoyed success as a fashionable portrait painter and decorator.
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 was born in Chur.

Chur

 

a city in eastern Switzerland, located at the juncture of the Plessur and Rhine rivers. Administrative center of the canton of Graubünden. Population, 30,000 (1970). Chur produces machinery (including instruments), garments, leather goods, and chocolate and provides transport service for tourists.


Chur

 

an urban-type settlement in Iakshur-Bod’ia Raion, Udmurt ASSR, on the Chur River, a tributary of the Izh River. Chur has a railroad station on the Izhevsk-Igra line, 44 km northwest of Izhevsk. Limestone is quarried and processed in the settlement, and wood products are manufactured. A silicates plant was under construction in 1978.

Chur

a city in E Switzerland, capital of Graubünden canton. Pop.: 32 989 (2000)
References in periodicals archive ?
Last month, student Richard Hardy, 18, from Alton in Hampshire, and graduate Graeme Cooper, 23, from Aberdeen, died on the same Coire.
Police said the avalanche in the Coire na Ciste area was several hundred metres in length.
The Irish nurse - who had been due home in Co Wicklow this week after 10 months travelling the world - slipped while walking on rock hard ice in Coire Cas in the Cairngorms on Saturday morning.
The man, whose name was not released, came unstuck while he was climbing on a peak called Coire an t'Sneachda.
Mike Rough, 48, from Devon, plummeted to his death on Coire an t'Sneachda in the Cairngorms on Friday.
One of the injured walkers, John MacDonald, from Inverness, was airlifted from Cnap Coire Na Spreiddhe by RAF helicopter, after receiving a gash to his thigh at about 3pm on Saturday.
The man, who has not been named, was airlifted to hospital after his thigh was injured by a reindeer as he was walking on Cnap Coire Na Spreiddhe in the northern Cairngorms.
Groupe E Greenwatt acquires the 25% stakes of Entec AG in Entegra Wasserkraft, based in Saint-Gall and Coire, 75% of which is owned by Alpiq.
Another path branches off north-east then north between Meall Each and Sgurr Dubh and into Coire na Sleagaich where the ground levels off for a while giving a bit of respite to weary legs.
Teresa Conalty, 40, was hiking in Scotland's Cairngorms when she plummeted 200 metres on Coire Cas.
Rescuers said the death of the man on Coire an't Sneachda in the Cairngorms marked an "appalling" statistic that was causing concern among the mountain community.