Volcher Coiter

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Coiter, Volcher

 

(Coyter, Koyter). Born 1534 in Groningen, Netherlands; died June 2, 1576, in Brienne, France. Dutch anatomist and physician.

In 1555, Coiter began to study in Italy and France; from 1562 he was in Bologna, where, after receiving his doctoral degree, he taught anatomy and surgery. In 1566 he was arrested by the Inquisition as a Protestant. After his release he left for Germany and worked as a physician in Amberg (from 1566) and Nuremberg (from 1569). He was a surgeon in the war against France. Coiter was one of the first anatomists and embryologists. He was the first to give a scientific description of the development of the chick embryo (1572), and he conducted comparative studies of the anatomies of many vertebrates (amphibians, birds, and mammals), sketching their skeletons.

REFERENCES

Gaisinovich, A. E. K. F. Vol’fi uchenie o razvitii organizmov. Moscow, 1961. Pages 22–23.
Herrlinger, R. Volcher Coiter. Nuremberg, 1952.