colon

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colon

A colon ( : ) is used after an independent clause to add information that helps illustrate or clarify what it says. It is most commonly used to introduce a list, but it can also introduce words, phrases, or entire clauses that complete the meaning of the clause that came before it.
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Colón

(kōlōn`), city (1994 est. pop. 44,000), Matanzas prov., W central Cuba. It is a rail hub and commercial center for the surrounding agricultural region. Colón's sugar industry has declined since the mid-19th cent., although it remains an important part of the economy. The city was founded in 1836.

Colón,

city (1990 pop. 140,908), Panama, at the Caribbean end of the Panama Canal. Colón, the second largest city in Panama, was surrounded by, but not part of, the former Panama Canal Zone. Colón is an important port, commercial center, and tourist destination. It was made a free trade zone in 1953 and is the world's second largest duty-free port (the principal tourist attraction). The city was founded in 1850 by Americans working on the trans-Panama railroad and was named Aspinwall until 1890. Built on a swampy island, the city was often scourged by yellow fever until the sanitary work associated with the construction of the canal was completed under W. C. Gorgas.

colon,

in anatomy: see intestineintestine,
muscular hoselike portion of the gastrointestinal tract extending from the lower end of the stomach (pylorus) to the anal opening. In humans this fairly narrow (about 1 in./2.
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.

colon,

in writing: see punctuationpunctuation
[Lat.,=point], the use of special signs in writing to clarify how words are used; the term also refers to the signs themselves. In every language, besides the sounds of the words that are strung together there are other features, such as tone, accent, and pauses,
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.

Colon

The portion of the intestine that runs from the cecum to the rectum; in some mammals, it may be separated from the small intestine by an ileocecal valve. It is also known as the large intestine. The colon is usually divided into ascending, transverse, and descending portions. In the human a fourth section, the sigmoid, is found. The colon is longer in herbivores and shorter in carnivores, and is about 4 to 6 ft (1.2 to 1.8 m) long in humans. No digestive enzymes are secreted in the colon. Much digestion (for example, all breakdown of cellulose) occurs by bacteria, of which Escherichia coli is the most common. Most of the fluid added to the food during digestion is reabsorbed into the body in the colon. All digestive action, water absorption, and so on, is completed before the food materials pass out of the colon into the rectum. See Digestive system

ColÓn

 

a city in Panama; a port on Manzanillo Peninsula at the entrance to the Panama Canal on the Caribbean side. The administrative center of Colón Province. Population, 65,600 (1969). It is linked with the city of Panamá by a railroad running along the canal and by a highway. There are banana exports, and the city has an oil refinery. Colón was founded in 1850.


Colon

 

an intonational unit in speech; the utterance between two pauses. It usually coincides with the syntagma, a syntactically linked group of words.

In Russian literary prose, the average length of a colon is two to four fully stressed words; in scientific writing and journalism it is longer. The following is an example of division of speech into cola:. Ia ekhal na perekladnykh iz Tiflisa./Vsia poklazha moei telezhki/sostoiala iz odnogo nebol’shogo chemodana./kotoryi do poloviny/byl nabitputevymi zapiskami o Gruzii/Borshaia chast’ iz nikh, /k schastiiu dlia vas, poteriana,/a chemodan, s ostal’nymi veshchami,/k schastiiu dlia menia, ostalsia tsel.

(I was traveling by post chaise from Tiflis./The entire load on my handcart/consisted of one small suitcase,/which was half/full of notes on Georgia./Most of them,/fortunately for you, were lost/and the suitcase with the rest of the things,/fortunately for me, remained intact. M. Iu. Lermontov,Bêla.)

colon

[′kō·lən]
(anatomy)
The portion of the human intestine extending from the cecum to the rectum; it is divided into four sections: ascending, transverse, descending, and sigmoid. Also known as large intestine.

colon

1
(in classical prosody) a part of a rhythmic period with two to six feet and one principal accent or ictus

colon

2
the part of the large intestine between the caecum and the rectum

colon

(character)
":" ASCII character 58. Common names: ITU-T: colon. Rare: dots; INTERCAL: two-spot.

colon

In programming, the colon (:) is used to separate parts of an address. For example, the first part of 1AAA:1FFF might be a segment address and the second part the actual offset within the segment.