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cold injury[′kōld ‚in·jə·rē]
a type of injury (trauma) in which low environmental temperature is the traumatizing agent. Cold injury is manifested mainly by frostbite and chilblain. A serious form of cold injury is freezing, which results from many hours of exposure to extreme cold and may occur when the affected person is in a state of alcohol intoxication. Freezing is a condition dangerous to life that involves not local changes, as in frostbite, but a generalized morbid reaction of the entire body. In cases of freezing, reanimation measures (measures for reviving the body’s vital functions) are required.