Resumen: El Orden Hemiptera comprende cuatro clados: Sternorrhyncha, Auchenorrhyncha, Coleorrhyncha y Heteroptera.
Abstract: The Order Hemiptera comprises four main clades: Sternorrhyncha, Auchenorrhyncha, Coleorrhyncha and Heteroptera.
He recognized three groups within Hemiptera: Sternorrhyncha, Auchenorrhyncha, and Heteropterodea (as "Heteropteroidea"), the latter clade formed by Coleorrhyncha + Heteroptera (Schlee 1969d).
They proposed: Clypeorrhyncha (for extant Cicadomorpha), Archaeorrhyncha (for Fulgoromorpha), Peloridiomorpha (for Coleorrhyncha [Peloridiidae]), Neohemiptera (for Fulgoromorpha + Heteropterodea), and Prosorrhyncha (for Heteropterodea) (Table 1).
It has been suggested that a tymbal-like communication is synapomorphic for Auchenorrhyncha + Coleorrhyncha + Heteroptera (Hoch et al.
Goodchild (1966) based on the morphology and histology of the digestive tract considered Auchenorrhyncha as paraphyletic because he considered two groups: Fulgoromorpha + Heteroptera and Cicadomorpha + Sternorrhyncha, with the Coleorrhyncha in a polytomy with both.
Heteropterodea is the clade containing Coleorrhyncha + Heteroptera (Schlee 1969d; Hennig 1969, 1981; Kristensen 1975).
Coleorrhyncha is a small group of Hemiptera that comprises 13 extant genera and 25 species in the only extant family Peloridiidae (Fig.
Coleorrhyncha was traditionally included as a member of the "Homoptera" (e.
An open rhabdom structure in the ommatidia of Heteroptera is considered a synapomorphy for Heteroptera, in contrast to the fused rhabdoms in Auchenorrhyncha and Coleorrhyncha (Fischer et al.
An anomalous mossbug from southern Chile and notes on Pantinia darwini (Hemiptera, Coleorrhyncha, Peloridiidae).