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the principle of ownership of the means of production, by the state or the people


  1. any politicoeconomic doctrine which advocates communal or state ownership, and communal or state control of the means of production and distribution, e.g. COMMUNISM OR SOCIALISM.
  2. any political system in which communal or state ownership and control of the means of production and distribution is the dominant mode of economic organization. Actual forms of organization under collectivism vary widely. Thus, in some contexts, collectivism may involve a large measure of collective self-management.



a feature of socialist and communist social relations and a principle of communist morality that reveals the essence of the relationship between an individual and the society as a whole, the personality and the collective. Collectivism is the opposite of individualism. Historically, as a moral principle it originates even under the conditions of bourgeois society, within the working-class milieu, in the united actions of proletarians against the power of capital. Only in socialist society, however, does collectivism become a universal principle of relations between people in all spheres of social life, a prime requirement of personal moral conduct.

The social basis of socialist collectivism is public ownership of the means of production, which eliminates the exploitation of one person by another. Collectivism presupposes relations between society and the individual such that the development of society as a whole creates favorable conditions for the all-around development of the individual, and the development of the individual is the precondition for the progress of all of society. The main requirements that follow from the principle of collectivism in relations between people are comradely mutual assistance, the conscious acceptance and performance of one’s duty to society, the disciplined combining of social interests with those of the individual, and respect for the collective and its interests. The principle of collectivism presupposes a high degree of personal responsibility on the individual’s part: each person must answer not only for his or her own behavior and life-style but also for the fate of the collective and ultimately for the fate of society.

The program of the CPSU has as one of its aims the strengthening of collectivist tendencies in all spheres of life. The moral code of the builders of communism includes the very important principle: “collectivism and comradely mutual assistance; all for one and one for all.”

“Joint planned labor by the members of society, their daily participation in the management of state and public affairs, and the development of communist relations of comradely cooperation and mutual support result in the transformation of people’s consciousness along the lines of collectivism, industriousness, and humanism” (Programma KPSS, 1972, p. 117).

References in periodicals archive ?
We expected that respondents with a national orientation characterized by a collectivist culture would integrate information about changes in account balances differently from those in an individualist culture.
The result of the test (Table 1) show that values in Individualist and Collectivist behaviours among students follow normal distribution hence ANOVA can be used for comparing means.
Even when the choice to bribe or not was directly assessed - in a second experiment with 47 participants-the collectivist group felt less personal responsibility.
In a collectivist country with high interdependent self-construal, adolescents' contingent orientation and constrained autonomy are both closely associated with their buffet preferences.
Moreover, it encourages collectivists to limit membership in collectives to those who have made at least some minimal contribution to the outcome in question.
As a result, wealth belongs to society, so collectivists create ways of redistributing wealth from the haves to the have-nots.
The combination of collectivist ideas, protectionist interests, war, monetary disorder, and economic crises had converged to discredit the assumptions, beliefs, policies, and practices that had underpinned the liberal economic regime.
Moreover, it seems reasonable to think that individualists would be less happy than collectivists about participation in sports that place a premium on conformity and require much interpersonal interaction.
Even in denominations with extreme individualist traditions such as the Baptists, social Christians have been for the most part collectivists, markedly friendly toward the state.
Two detailed appendixes list "progymnasmata and rhetorical treatises" used in the study and offer a comparative table of salient features that summarize the distinctions between "individualists and collectivists.
Assuming for the moment that this is so, collectivists must hold that the citizen must be enabled to convey his information in such cases even though this action would preempt another speaker.