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Chiefly Brit
a. a ship designed to transport coal
b. a member of its crew



a bulk-dry-cargo ship for transporting coal. Self-propelled oceangoing coal carriers were developed in the mid-19th century to help supply the large amounts of coal needed for industry, power generation, and transportation.

A collier is a single-deck ship with a small freeboard. The engine room and sleeping quarters are located in the stern. Colliers are provided with equipment for the intensive ventilation of the cargo compartments, for testing the air temperature in the cargo compartments, for fire protection, and for protection against the gases released by the cargo. The size of the cargo hatches and the strength of the hull structures are calculated for the use of grab buckets in unloading. As of 1976, the deadweight tonnage of most oceangoing colliers was 2,000–20,000 tons, and the speed was 20–26 km/hour. In some self-unloading colliers, the cargo compartments are shaped like funnels, and belt conveyors located under the compartments carry the coal to a station on the deck, from which the coal is transferred to the shore.

References in periodicals archive ?
Collier, Snaring River and Colin Range, Jasper National Park, Alberta, 1987(59-017.
A Houston-area accountant, Collier ran for comptroller under the banner of being a "watchdog" of taxpayer money.
Prior to joining the police force, Collier had specialized in information technology at the Somerville Police Department, and volunteered as an auxiliary police officer.
Collier waived his right to counsel and to an administrative hearing and consented to the revocation, which was signed by Insurance Commissioner Jay Bradford on Sept.
A DAA spokesman said Mr Collier, whose total earnings for last year reached EUR612,500, will not be given a golden handshake.
Collier promised to reimburse Collier Drug employees for half the value of purchases they made from local businesses during the month, up to a total of $100.
Our mother Winifred Collier was moved to Liverpool, along with her brother Howard John Collier.
Collier and former Jaguars defensive end Kenneth Pettway were shot out- side an apartment building.
Collier and Jim Parks, and their mission is to increase public understanding and appreciation of North American birds of prey.
Shelli Anderson, a Chicago lawyer representing the college, said, "It's a pretty standard discrimination claim," adding that Elgin had taken no adverse action against Collier under the law.
It is interesting and it's fun, and it puts me in several different environments," Collier said.
A native Mississippian, Collier was an expert marksman, a freed slave, a Confederate soldier, and President Theodore Roosevelt's hunting companion on his legendary 1902 hunt.