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breed of large, agile working dogworking dog,
classification used by breeders and kennel clubs to designate dogs raised by humans to herd cattle and sheep, as draft animals, as message dispatchers in wartime, in police and rescue work, as guardians of persons and property, or as guides (see guide dog) for the
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 developed in Scotland during the 17th and 18th cent. It stands from 22 to 26 in. (55.9–66 cm) high at the shoulder and weighs from 50 to 75 lb (22.7–34 kg). There are two varieties of collie; it is thought that originally the rough-coated or long-haired type herded sheep in the torturous climate of the northern Scottish hills while the less weatherproof smooth-coated collie drove cattle to market. Both varieties may be sable and white, blue merle, tricolored (black, tan, and white), or white. Although no thoroughly documented explanation of the origin of the collie's name is ever likely to be set forth, the following is probably the most reasonable. A type of sheep once found in the Scottish Highlands had black markings, either on the face or legs, and was called the "Colley" sheep. The dog that was bred and trained to herd these sheep was known as the "Colley dog," and, later, as the "collie." Today it is one of the most popular farm dogs and pets in the United States. See dogdog,
carnivorous, domesticated wolf (Canis lupus familiaris) of the family Canidae, to which the jackal and fox also belong. The family Canidae is sometimes referred to as the dog family, and its characteristics, e.g.
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a breed of working dogs, developed in the early 18th century in Scotland. It was imported into Russia in 1904. Two types of collies are bred. One type is bred by amateur dog breeders; the other, the border collie, is a herd-driving dog. Male collies measure 65–70 cm high at the shoulders; females, 60–65 cm. The head has a long muzzle. The ears are small and partially erect, and the tail is sword-shaped and usually fluffy. There are rough-coated (shorthaired) and smooth-coated (longhaired) collies. The dogs are red or black, with white markings on the forehead, muzzle, neck, legs, and the tip of the tail. In the USSR only smooth-coated collies are bred.


any of several silky-coated breeds of dog developed for herding sheep and cattle
References in periodicals archive ?
Collie was the sole director during the companys existence.
Collies love the outdoor life, so if you have a huge garden or public spaces nearby that they can run around in you could make a great Collie home.
In addition to Border Collies, other herding breeds that have exhibited similar signs of exercise-induced collapse include:
The local company, which specialises in films about rural communities and traditional ways of life, recently highlighted the capabilities of border collies, said to be the most intelligent of breeds, in a documentary about one called Sheila who became something of a legend on being awarded the "animal's VC" for the role she played in the 1944 rescue of the American survivors of a B-17 which crashed, killing their fellow airmen, in a blizzard in the Cheviot hills.
With no sheep to round up at The Seaview Lion Park in Port Elizabeth, Solo the Border Collie has started herding tigers instead.
Burpee sold a lot of collies even by today's standards through their seed and poultry catalog, by avoiding the show ring and focusing on breeding intelligent working dogs they earned a good reputation with farmers and ranchers around the country.
He was a huge tri-color collie and my constant companion since adopting him from our local animal shelter in December 2005.
And almost all border collies have a job, usually herding sheep, cattle, chickens, ostriches or people - often their presumed masters.
Ideally she needs a home with people experienced in owning collies.
The Gazette told on Friday how five border collies from Wilton Agility Dog Club were in the "flyball" event.