colonnade

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colonnade

(kŏlənād`), a row of columns usually supporting a roof. Colonnades were popular with the Greeks and Romans, who employed them in the stoastoa
, in ancient Greek architecture, an extended, roofed colonnade on a street or square. Early examples consisted of a simple open-fronted shed or porch with a roof sloping from the back wall to the row of columns along the front.
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 and the porticoportico
, roofed space using columns or posts, generally included between a wall and a row of columns or between two rows of columns. In Greece the stoa was a portico of the first type; in Greek temples porticoes terminated the front and rear ends of the naos—called
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; they have continued to be used throughout the Middle Ages, the Renaissance, and modern times. See columncolumn,
vertical architectural support, circular or polygonal in plan. A column is generally at least four or five times as high as its diameter or width; stubbier freestanding masses of masonry are usually called piers or pillars, particularly those with a rectangular plan.
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.

Colonnade

A combination or grouping of columns paced at regular intervals, and arranged with regard to their structural or ornamental relationship to the building. They can be aligned either straight or arced in a circular pattern.

Colonnade

 

a row or rows of columns supporting a horizontal roof structure. Outdoor colonnades, which are either porticoes or galleries, are usually attached to a building to unify its isolated elements (for example, the Palladian villas). A colonnade also visually relates a building to its courtyard or square (for example, the colonnade of the Kazan Cathedral, Leningrad, 1801–11, architect A. N. Voronikhin) and its natural setting. Some colonnades are independent structures, such as the Colonnade of Apollo in Pavlovsk (1780–83, architect C. Cameron). Interior colonnades usually surround large halls, serving both to divide and unite various parts of a grand interior (for example, the colonnade in the former Catherine Hall in the Tauride Palace, Leningrad, 1783–89, architect I. E. Starov).

colonnade

[‚käl·ə′nād]
(architecture)
A series of columns placed at regular intervals.

colonnade

colonnade
A number of columns arranged in order, at intervals called intercolumniation, supporting an entablature and usually one side of a roof.

colonnade

1. a set of evenly-spaced columns
2. a row of regularly spaced trees
References in periodicals archive ?
situated at the Financial Services Authority, 25 The North Collonade, Canary
The church is set round a dog-leg collonade and cloister, overlooked by a wayward rose window and outdoor pulpit.
La Crepe Rit is situated on The Collonades of Albert Dock near Tate Liverpool, and is open daily from 10am-5pm.
The wide Baroque arches and graceful collonades provide the perfect backdrop for the ornate home of the world-famous Holy Shroud of Turin.