Colocynth

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Colocynth

 

(Citrullus colocynthis), a perennial prostrate or climbing herbaceous plant of the family Cucurbitaceae. It is also known as bitter apple. The leaves are deeply pinnatipartite, with five to seven pinnately lobed segments. The plants are monoecious. The flowers are unisexual, yellow, and five-lobed. The fruits are yellow and spherical, measuring 7–12 cm in diameter; they have a dry bitter flesh. Colocynth grows in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Southwest Asia as far as India. In the USSR it grows in Turkmenia as an imported annual weed; it is sometimes cultivated in botanical gardens in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. The fruits contain the glycoside colocynthin, which is a strong laxative.

References in periodicals archive ?
Citrullus Colocynthis (bitter apple) Poisoning; A case report.
Surveys of the local population and herbalists showed the therapeutic effect of species such as Hammada scoparia, Artemisia herba-alba, Cotula cinerea, Citrullus colocynthis, Artemisia arborescens and Nicotiana tabacum, advocated against scorpion stings.
innermis (Lilliaceae) Lycium gharqad Lycium shawii (Solanaceae Bitter apple handal Citrullus colocynthis (Cucurbitaceae) Spurge tree Labna Euphorbia larica (Tuphorbiaceae) Rubber bush shakr Calotropis procera Camel weed (Asclepicfaceae) Thorn apple/ Mazi Solatium incanum N ight shade (Solanaceae) Ginger Zanjabil Zingiber officinale (Zingiberaceae) Angels trumpet Tatorah Datura metel (Solanaceae) Namaqua fig Tha'ab Ficus cordata (Moraceae) Red thorn Thbeean Acacia gerardii (Fabaceae) Khejri Ghaf Prosopis cineraria (Fabaceae) Dates Nakhleh Phoenix dactylifera (Arecaceae) Caralluma Qahr al-luhum Carallumaflava (Asclepidaceae) Name of the Major chemical Uses herb constituents Rose water Citronellal, geraniol, Astringent, cardiac methyl euginol, linalool, and cephalic tonic.
Citrullus colocynthis was bought from a local market in Iran, with the fruit ground and decocted in water before being boiled in an oily vehicle (sesame oil) to create the topical formulation.
The present experiment was conducted to evaluate the acaricidal activities of the aqueous methanolic extracts of rhizome of Curcuma longa fruit of Citrullus colocynthis and seed of Peganum harmala.
Remedies: Ammonium Muriaticum, Angustura, Antimonium Crudum, Aurum Muriaticum, Kalinatum, Berberis, Boletus, Cactus, Capsicum, Ceddron, Chelidonium China(and its salts), Cina, Clematis, Colchicum, Colocynthis, Eupatorium Perfoliaattum, Eupatorium Purpureum, Iris, Kalmia, Magnesia Muriatica, Menyanthes, Natrum Muriaticum, Peonia, Prunus, Ranunculus Bulbosus, Sarracenia, Spigelia, Sumbulus, Verbascum.
In this backdrop, the combined extracts of Rhizome of Curcuma longa, fruit of Citrullus colocynthis and seed of Peganum harmala were found gifted.
2012), fruits of Momordica charantia (Ooi et al, 2012), seed extracts of Citrullus colocynthis (Benariba et al, 2012), antihyperglycemic effect of Coccinia indica (Shibib et al, 2012), antihyperglycemic effect of Trichosanthes dioica (Rai et al, 2013), and antidiabetic effect of Mukia maderaspatana (Srilatha and Ananda, 2013).
The gourd mentioned in both the Qur'an and the Bible as shading the prophet Jonah from the sun may have been the common trailing plant we know as "bitter gourd", Citrullus colocynthis, familiar in rawdhats and oases all over this country, but more likely it was the fast-growing climber Lagenaria siceraria or "bottle gourd".
Colocynthis (coloquintida) Dolores punzantes y fulminantes, tanto en movimiento como en reposo.