Colocynth

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Colocynth

 

(Citrullus colocynthis), a perennial prostrate or climbing herbaceous plant of the family Cucurbitaceae. It is also known as bitter apple. The leaves are deeply pinnatipartite, with five to seven pinnately lobed segments. The plants are monoecious. The flowers are unisexual, yellow, and five-lobed. The fruits are yellow and spherical, measuring 7–12 cm in diameter; they have a dry bitter flesh. Colocynth grows in North Africa, the Mediterranean, and Southwest Asia as far as India. In the USSR it grows in Turkmenia as an imported annual weed; it is sometimes cultivated in botanical gardens in Middle Asia and Transcaucasia. The fruits contain the glycoside colocynthin, which is a strong laxative.

References in periodicals archive ?
Short- and long-term effects of various Citrullus colocynthis seed extracts in normal and streptozotocin-induced diabetic rats.
Citrullus colocynthis (melon) is creeping annual, belonging to the gourd family Ucurbtaceae (Sampson and Corner, 1980).
The Citrullus colocynthis extract was obtained by drying the plant part, then finely powered and extracted with boiling in methanol.
The present study was carried out to develop an efficient protocol for callus induction, total cucurbitacins and cucurbitacin-E accumulation under the effect of different growth regulators and explant types of Citrullus colocynthis (Handel).
Key words: alopecia, hair growth, Citrullus colocynthis, bitter apple
Colocynthis - for diarrhoea which is accompanied by spasmodic griping pains.
Draw up 3 cc of procaine (1 % solution buffered to a pH of 7 with potassium hydroxide and no epinephrine) with 1 ampoule of Spascupreel containing Aconitum napellus 6x, Agaricus muscarius 4x, Ammonium bromatum 4x, Atropinum sulphuricum 6x, Chamomilla 3x, Colocynthis 4x, Cuprum sulphuricum 6x, Celsemium sempervirens 6x, Magnesia phosphorica 6x, Passiflora incarnata 2x, and Veratrum album.
Fisch The powder with water used for Citrollus colocynthis 12 back pain and anxiety.
Citrullus colocynthis and Pongamia pinnata belong to family cucurbitaceae and leguminaceae, respectively.
In the southern Punjab region of Pakistan, the herdsmen use a number of plants like Lamium amplexicaule, Mallotus philippinensis, Withania somnifera, Azadirachta indica, and Citrullus colocynthis as anthelmintics for their cattle (Jabbar, A.
Species Division Class 1 Capparis cartilaginea Spermatophyta Angiospermae a e 2 Capparis sinaica 3 Dipterygium glaucum 4 Farsetia longisiliqua 5 Citrullus colocynthis 6 Peganum harmala 7 Haplophyllum tuberculatum 8 Spergula falax 9 Robbairea deliliana 10 Hammada elegans 11 Acacia tortilis 12 Casia italica 13 Alhagi maurorum 14 Astragalus annularis 15 Tephrosia apollinea 16 Rhaziz stricta 17 Calotropis procera 18 Convolovulus desertii 19 Heliotropium supinum 20 Heliotropium digynum 21 Achillea santolina 22 Echinops spinosissimus 23 Francoeuria crispa 24 Setaria verticillata 25 Juncus rigidus No.
The plant species and the percentage of interviewed informants, in parenthesis, were reported as follows: Artemisia inculata (19%) used for treating intestine; Majorana syriaca (12%) used for treating chest diseases and intestine; Ammi visnaga (11%) used for treating kidney stones, digestive system, respiratory system and urinary system; Citrulus colocynthis (10%) used for treating diarrhea; Teucrium capitatum (10%) used for treating intestine; Salvia fruticosa (8%) used for treating intestine; Mentha spicata (4%) used for treating intestine; Cyperus rotundus (1.