Gamal Abdel Nasser

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Nasser, Gamal Abdel

 

Born Jan. 15, 1918, in Beni Mor, Asyut Province, Egypt; died Sept. 28, 1970, in Cairo. Statesman and political figure in Egypt.

The son of a postal worker, Nasser graduated from a secondary school in Cairo in 1935 and from the Royal Military Academy in Cairo in 1939 with the rank of second lieutenant. After serving in Egypt and the Sudan, he was sent to the military college of the General Staff in 1942 and graduated with distinction. He took part in the Arab-Israeli War of 1948–49 and was wounded. Holding the rank of lieutenant colonel, from 1949 to 1952 he taught at the military college of the General Staff.

Nasser founded and headed the Free Officers, a secret political organization that planned and carried out an anti-imperialist and antifeudal revolution on July 23, 1952. Nasser became deputy chairman and later chairman of the Revolutionary Command Council. From 1954 to 1956, with brief interruptions, he was prime minister and simultaneously carried out the duties of president. From June 1956 he was president of Egypt. Nasser headed the struggle of the Egyptian people against the Anglo-Franco-Israeli aggression against Egypt in 1956, and from 1956 was commander in chief of the armed forces.

Nasser devoted great attention to the development of Egypt’s economy. In June 1962, the National Congress of Popular Powers ratified the Charter of National Action, which was prepared under Nasser’s direct supervision and which set forth progressive aims for Egyptian domestic and foreign policy. Nasser also actively supported the unity of the Arab peoples in their struggle for national independence. In 1963 he became chairman of the Arab Socialist Union. Despite the Egyptian military defeat resulting from the Israeli aggression against the Arab countries in 1967 and the accompanying economic and political difficulties, Nasser was supported by the masses of the people and continued to implement progressive socioeconomic measures. On Mar. 30, 1968, he set forth a program of action to do away with the consequences of the Israeli aggression.

Nasser convened or actively participated in many international conferences of heads of state and government, at which he defended the cause of all peoples struggling for freedom and independence. He was a consistent advocate of strengthening the friendship and expanding the all-around cooperation between Egypt and the Soviet Union.

WORKS

Falsafat al-thavrah. (Philosophy of the Revolution.) Cairo, 1954.
Khutab wa tasrihat. (Speeches and Addresses.) Cairo, 1960.
References in periodicals archive ?
Colonel Nasser pointed out that this was the second major attack launched by the Israelis in seven days.
Colonel Nasser became a cult hero in the Arab world and far beyond.
Reformation and rehabilitation director Colonel Nasser Bakheet told Al Amn radio programme that the directorate is also co-ordinating with a bank for inmates' families to deposit money.
On his part, Director of Asima traffic department colonel Nasser Al-Ajmi told KUNA that the interior ministry took part in the festivity in a bid to achieve a sustainable road safety system in the country that can live up to His Highness the Amir's vision of transforming Kuwait into an international commercial and financial hub.
Colonel Nasser Al-Shaban, the head of the Disaster Management Unit, said that rainfall affects the sedimentary rocks and the soil, leading to landslides.
Turning to what he believed was the core of tension in the Middle East, Colonel Nasser told the Italian newsman, "Some people talk about threats to peace, and tension in the Middle East.
Addressing a press conference, Director of Criminal Investigation Department Colonel Nasser al Mahmoud said that the building provides 151 parking lots for special guests and senior staff, 185 parking lots for visitors, including eight for people with special needs.
A city of authors and writers from Mark Twain to Paul Theroux and Naguib Mahfouz, Alexander the Great to Napoleon, and Laurence of Arabia to Colonel Nasser.
Iran has started the production of a "Quick Reaction" tank named "Tosan", Head of the self-sufficiency unit of the Islamic Revolution Guards Corps (IRGC) ground forces, Colonel Nasser Arab-Beigi said.
In Egypt in 1952, a nationalist coup led by Colonel Nasser overthrew the pro-British King Farouk.
Ajman: Three men were rescued from drowning off the beach in Ajman on Friday morning, Colonel Nasser Rashid Al Ziri, director of the media and public relations department of Ajman Civil Defence, said.
Jasem Al Darmaki acting director general, TCA Abu Dhabi presented the winning award to Lieutenant Colonel Nasser Al Obaidli, Fursan Al Emarat Team leader.