Colonial Troops

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Colonial Troops


military units and organizations of armed forces of the capitalist states that are used to maintain colonialist rule and suppress the national liberation movement in the colonies and dependent countries.

Colonial troops are raised in the metropolitan countries by levies based on compulsory military service, by the enlistment of volunteers from the metropolitan country and foreign countries, and by the recruitment of Europeans living in the colonies and of certain categories of the local native population. As a rule, the officers are from the metropolitan country; only a small proportion of low-ranking officers come from the native population of the colonies. France sent many of its colonial troops from Africa to fight in the Western European theater during World War I (1914–18), and Great Britain sent Indian troops to various fronts. During World War II (1939–45), Great Britain carried out military operations in Africa, Burma, and certain other areas primarily with colonial troops, and after the war Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal maintained colonial forces. As the colonial system disintegrated and independent states were established in the former colonies, the colonial troops of a number of countries were disbanded, and by 1973 only Great Britain, Portugal, and the Netherlands still maintained such forces.


References in classic literature ?
A report, or it would be better to say a rumor, had come to the British headquarters in German East Africa that the enemy had landed in force on the west coast and was marching across the dark continent to reinforce their colonial troops.
The deadly gas had been released at a point where the Canadian 3rd Brigade was being supported on its left flank by a division of French Colonial troops.
Cypriot mule drivers were the first colonial troops sent to the Western Front.
The Berthier carbines proved so successful with mounted troops that the French army decided to adopt it for issue to colonial troops.
8, 1755, between British Colonial troops and their Mohawk allies and a force of French and Indians.
Zulus fought mainly with iron spears but outnumbered colonial troops armed with state-of-the-art rifles and artillery.
Colonial troops killed thousands of Africans, imprisoned and flogged thousands more, and the entire affair led to a series of laws that provided a foundation for apartheid.
At the beginning of World War I, France had one of the largest standing armies in the world, with a total of 777,000 regulars and 46,000 colonial troops.
Colonial troops trained to act as regulars, included 166 officers and men from the Royal Newfoundland Fencibles and the Glengarry Fencibles.
Among more than 19,000 British, Dominion and colonial troops killed on the first day of the Somme on July 1, 1916, were over 1,500 from the Tyneside Scottish and Tyneside Irish brigades.
Eventually, an alliance was sealed between the colonial troops to retaliate against the Moroccan fighters who were lacking sophisticated weapons.
Secular opposition parties and human rights activists had used the April 9 anniversary of the 1938 repression of pro-independence protests by French colonial troops to challenge the ban on demonstrations on Habib Bourguiba Avenue.