Colonial Troops

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Colonial Troops

 

military units and organizations of armed forces of the capitalist states that are used to maintain colonialist rule and suppress the national liberation movement in the colonies and dependent countries.

Colonial troops are raised in the metropolitan countries by levies based on compulsory military service, by the enlistment of volunteers from the metropolitan country and foreign countries, and by the recruitment of Europeans living in the colonies and of certain categories of the local native population. As a rule, the officers are from the metropolitan country; only a small proportion of low-ranking officers come from the native population of the colonies. France sent many of its colonial troops from Africa to fight in the Western European theater during World War I (1914–18), and Great Britain sent Indian troops to various fronts. During World War II (1939–45), Great Britain carried out military operations in Africa, Burma, and certain other areas primarily with colonial troops, and after the war Great Britain, France, the Netherlands, Belgium, Spain, and Portugal maintained colonial forces. As the colonial system disintegrated and independent states were established in the former colonies, the colonial troops of a number of countries were disbanded, and by 1973 only Great Britain, Portugal, and the Netherlands still maintained such forces.

V. S. GOLUBOVICH

References in periodicals archive ?
Moyd writes about the askari, the African soldiers serving in the German East African colonial army between 1890 and 1918.
The integration of Indian officers into the colonial army was not always smooth, but it was sustained, and in return they resisted the provocations of Gandhi and Bose, and rose through the ranks.
While declassified documents only reveal so much, Martin Bell, former BBC war reporter and English Independent MP who served in intelligence at the time as a young British conscript, actually lived through the last two years of the EOKA struggle, and in his book The End of Empire offers a unique perspective into where the colonial army went wrong.
On December 17, 1777, General George Washington recruited former Prussian officer Baron Friedrich Wilhelm Von Steuben to strengthen professionalism in the Colonial Army.
Between 15,000-18,000 African soldiers, generically known as "tirailleurs senegalais" (Senegalese infantrymen) were based at the camp during this period as part of France's large African colonial army in WW1.
His largest contribution was supplying firearms to the Colonial army.
On the Western Front the small patch of red which indicates the location and activities of the British Expeditionary Force (essentially a colonial army whose veterans and generals had fought small-scale wars against opponents liKe Zulus and Boers) is dwarfed by the many armies put in the field by the various German States and France.
The French ousted Emir Faisal (later king of Iraq) from Damascus, ruthlessly suppressed a series of revolts, recruited Alawite officers in their colonial army, established Lebanon as a separate state and even gifted Syrian Alexandretta (Iskrandrun) to Ataturk's Turkish Republic.
Many heroes and heroines died resisting and fighting against foreign occupation, oppression and repression while others were maimed by the racist apartheid colonial army machinery.
Among the topics are labor migration and citizenship in southwest Cameroon, recruiting African troops for the Dutch colonial army in the age of indentured labor, taking Africaness and African law seriously in South African law schools, feymania and new African entrepreneurship, and examining the architecture of electoral authoritarianism in Cameroon.
John Cochran was the surgeon general of the Colonial Army during the Revolutionary War.
Decorated by the French colonial army, he really never had the feeling of being part of the liberators.