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Related to Colonial empire: decolonization, British colonial empire


the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
As I have written above, Great Britain was at the zenith of its power in 1914 and had as its primary interest the maintenance and stability of its colonial empire.
NCC Spokesman abroad Haytham Manna says that there has never been an armed revolution that did not produce a dictatorship - starting from the French Revolution, which culminated in Napoleon Bonaparte's colonial empire, before he was defeated and the values of the Revolution reappeared in the Second Republic; and not ending with the Bolshevik Revolution, which consecrated the dictatorship of the proletariat (read: the party) in the former Soviet Union.
Christians are in the Middle East not because they arrived with a colonial empire.
In "Reconstruction after Empire," Suri examines how the United States refused after the Spanish-American War to make the Philippines the first piece of a traditional colonial empire and opted instead to create a new, democratic nation-state and American ally in the Far Pacific, "navigating as Americans always do between opposition to empire and fear of chaos.
One of the best examples is Adam Smith's "Wealth of Nations," whose principles British policy-makers applied very effectively when establishing and developing Great Britain's colonial empire.
Dutch troops clinging to their retreating colonial empire arrived in Rawagede just before dawn 64 years ago and opened fire, sending sleepy residents scattering from their homes in panic.
These are visionary and hallucinatory impressions that merge personal experience with the stories of the many Italians who lived in Asmara and interacted with the local population from 1880 to 1947, when Italy's former colonial empire was officially dissolved.
To help readers cover so much history in so relatively short a space the authors have chosen various themes to unite the text: the movement of races and religions across the Iberian peninsula and the effects they had on one another; the geography and ecology of that peninsula itself; the 'challenge of power' Spain faced through her vast colonial empire, Europe's first such empire.
Jennings, an Associate Professor of History at the University of Toronto, explains how spas in France, Madagascar, Reunion, Guadalupe, and Tunisia illustrate some of the foundations of colonial empire.
At least 15,000 French people are currently believed to be in Ivory Coast, which maintains close ties to France and was once the crown jewel of its former West African colonial empire.
Though World War II started in Europe in September 1939 (and in July 1937 in the Far East), it took two momentous events in 1940 to really bring Africa into the war: Italy entered the conflict with her African colonies, and France withdrew from it with her worldwide colonial empire.
Summary: African soldiers from countries in France's former colonial empire marched in the annual Bastille Day parade in Paris.

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