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the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
Dr Masood Ashraf Raja from Texas University spoke in detail about the discursive methods and power tactics used by the colonial powers for promoting hegemony.
45) The way in which the colonial powers implemented these standards differed to some extent on the colonial power's respective culture, and when and where a given territory was considered for acquisition.
Such attention to the rearticulations of colonial power through enactments and claims of Native sovereignty within federal law provides a window into thinking about the project of disarticulating the United States itself, and its own pretensions and claims to sovereignty, as a way station on the path to disarticulating Native self-determination from colonial recognition.
Addressing Cameron's stance, Kirchner said: "In the 21st century, Britain continues to be a crude colonial power in decline.
It was the Arab country of Tunisia that set a precedent for former Western colonial powers being urged to help rescue their alleged former victims from the brutalities of their alleged national heroes.
Murphy from Colonial Power Group said the town could purchase power cheaper than the rates currently charged by Unitil.
Summary: Separatists in south Yemen used the anniversary of an uprising against colonial power Britain to press their claim for independence on Wednesday, while President Ali Abdullah Saleh promised to crush
Britain, the old colonial power, tried to send up Beagle 2, (something the size of a George Foreman Grilling Machine) to Mars last year and managed to cock that up.
Former colonial power Britain called for an arms embargo on Zimbabwe while analysts dismissed as unlikely a proposal that President Robert Mugabe should lead a unity government until new polls.
Mr Smith unilaterally declared the country's independence from its colonial power, Britain in 1965.
BRITAIN last night dismissed accusations from President Vladimir Putin that it was behaving like a colonial power over the Litvinenko murder row.
Each writer shows how her or his specific cultural heritage, physical location, and specific legacy of colonialism requires a specific sovereignty framework that her or his tribe or community chooses to use in the struggle against a colonial power.

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