colonialism

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Related to Colonial powers: Colonial expansion, European colonialism

colonialism

the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas

colonialism

the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Colonialism

 

the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
The third phase represents the period after decolonisation where the newly politically independent states built upon the concept of universities that the colonial powers had set up on the eve of their retreat, and continued to fund in the phase of what was termed the "developmental university.
He said that according to the Holy Prophet's teachings, man is the vicegerent of Allah Almighty on the earth however, the colonial powers were using the Muslims as a tool.
Israeli behavior provides the best window we have into the mindset of Western colonial powers a century ago, when foreigners with superior military equipment and an exaggerated sense of their own national superiority killed, occupied, jailed, confined, defined, slaughtered, exiled, gassed and generally manhandled local Arabs at will, treating them more like animals than human beings.
What we are witnessing today is Israel behaving against Palestinians much as the French, British and Italian colonial powers behaved against Iraqis, Syrians, Egyptians, Algerians and Libyans a century or more ago.
Secondly, despite their alleged fondness for division, the colonial powers did not partition Egypt for example, because it was one political and administrative unit.
Obiang noted that the long history of pre-colonial Africa was not characterized by wars among African peoples, and in the years since colonization, wars have been a result of the division of Africa by colonial powers.
He laid some blame at the feet of "the African political class," which, he said, "continues to believe that Africa cannot subsist without the intervention of the old colonial powers.
Underscoring the importance of promoting independent states in Africa, he used the opportunity to criticise former colonial powers, which he accused of "bullying".
In an interview with the Syrian TV Channel aired on Sunday, Archbishop Hanna said that President al-Assad sought to save his country and people from the schemes and conspiracies aiming at dismembering and weakening Syria in service of the colonial powers, particularly Israel.
Most of these habits are the result of imperialistic policies implemented by Western colonial powers.
BRITAIN and other colonial powers plundered the African continent, cooperated with tribal chiefs anxious to sell troublemakers into slavery, stole land.
TINDERBOX: HOW THE WEST SPARKED THE AIDS EPIDEMIC AND HOW THE WORLD CAN FINALLY OVERCOME IT comes from an AIDS researcher who documents how Western colonial powers sparked the AIDS epidemic and combines the author's own original research with genetic discoveries to refute the usual history on the origins of the AIDS epidemic.

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