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Related to Colonial rule: British colonial rule


the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas


the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.



the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
Cyprus gained its independence in 1960, after a four-year struggle against British colonial rule.
So his habitual reference to 400 years of colonial rule in The Gambia is a mere figment of Jammeh's imagination; an attempt, either deliberate or otherwise, to re-write history.
The Busan High Court's diktat follows a separate ruling that ordered Japanese firm Nippon Steel & Sumitomo Metal to compensate four other South Koreans forced into labour during the 35 years of colonial rule, between 1910 and 1945.
Yonhap said she was referring to Japan's wrongdoings during its 1910-1945 colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula, including the mobilization of Korean women as sex slaves.
TOKYO, Aug 15 (KUNA) -- Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda on Wednesday rapped South Korean President Lee Myung-bak for recent remarks, including demand for apology from Emperor Akihito for the country's colonial rule.
Summary: The birth of the UAE has its roots before the oil exploration, but it is with the exploration, production and export of oil that led to the realisation of the Trucial States to bring the seven Emirates under British colonial rule with a strategic shift.
Lee also stressed that the two countries should move forward "without forgetting history" and former colonial ruler Japan should make greater efforts to resolve issues stemming from" the 1910-45 colonial rule.
The continuing tide of drug-related killings in Mexico has drawn thousands of protesters to march against violence SOUTH KOREA South Korean family members of the victims of World War II, stage a rally marking the liberation of the Korean Peninsula from 1910-1945 colonial rule in Seoul, South Korea
WITH reference to the famine in Ethiopia, what has been forgotten is that when a lot of these people were under colonial rule they had shelter, clothing, foot and water, but they had to work for it.
A Japanese parliamentary panel endorsed Wednesday a treaty to transfer to South Korea historical documents that were brought to Japan during its 1910-1945 colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula, paving the way for its ratification by the Diet.
The result is a more nuanced and circumspect political history of empire that recognizes the many layers of colonial rule, the agency of local actors, and the importance of local factors.
But don't blame the "nasty old Tories", we are the ones to blame, or at least those 90% of us who when we voted, dutifully voted to maintain colonial rule by mainstream, London-centric, unionist parties.

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