colonialism

(redirected from Colonial rule)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Colonial rule: British colonial rule

colonialism

the policy and practice of a power in extending control over weaker peoples or areas

colonialism

the political rule, either directly or indirectly, of one society, country or nation over another.

Colonialism, however, involves more than just political rule. In the 20th century it has been particularly associated with one ETHNIC GROUP dominating another within the dominated group's territory Thus, in this century, colonialism has been associated with European, white, Christian, wealthy rulers who have attempted to impose cultural values over the ruled by either devaluing or attempting to eradicate the colonized groups’ religions, languages, customary laws and economic activities. Colonialism has therefore been seen by many sociologists as closely associated with the development of RACISM. Also in this century colonization has been associated with the dominance of the colony's economy by the colonizer, and it is this that is one of the key differences which Marxist writers see as distinguishing 20th-century colonization from earlier forms. See IMPERIALISM, NEO-COLONIALISM.

Various forms of colonial rule have existed in history, but one important distinction is between direct and indirect rule. In this century, the British in Africa often relied on indirect rule, nominating indigenous people or institutions as representatives of the British crown, whilst the French imposed direct rule from Paris through French officials. See also ORIENTALISM, POST-COLONIAL THEORY.

Colonialism

 

the political, economic, and ideological subjugation of countries that are, as a rule, poorly developed socially and economically, by the ruling classes of exploiter states. This concept is usually applied to the age of monopoly capitalism, when a territorial partition of the world has been completed and the colonial system of imperialism has taken shape. The term “colonialism” is also used to mean “colonial system.”

References in periodicals archive ?
As the author himself indicates, the purpose of this book is not to tell the story of the past, but to present a counter-narration about the harmful impacts of colonial rule in India.
Despite over a century of colonial rule that's been hotly contested by independence activists every step of the way, the people of Puerto Rico have not ceded their culture, identity, or national sentiments to integrate within the hegemonic matrix of the US.
Cyprus gained its independence in 1960, after a four-year struggle against British colonial rule.
So his habitual reference to 400 years of colonial rule in The Gambia is a mere figment of Jammeh's imagination; an attempt, either deliberate or otherwise, to re-write history.
A South Korean court ordered Japan's Mitsubishi Heavy Industries to compensate five former Korean employees who were forced into labour during Japan's colonial rule of the Korean peninsula.
Foreign Secretary William Hague said the Government "sincerely regretted" the abuse - which included rape and castration - carried out in the last years of British colonial rule.
By focusing on the world of newspapers in the interwar years in Saigon, the commercial heart of not only Vietnam but also of French Indochina's colonial enterprise, the author traces the beginning of the modern political discourse to the conflicting interactions between French liberal ideals and the reality of colonial rule.
Yonhap said she was referring to Japan's wrongdoings during its 1910-1945 colonial rule of the Korean Peninsula, including the mobilization of Korean women as sex slaves.
TOKYO, Aug 15 (KUNA) -- Japanese Prime Minister Yoshihiko Noda on Wednesday rapped South Korean President Lee Myung-bak for recent remarks, including demand for apology from Emperor Akihito for the country's colonial rule.
Summary: The birth of the UAE has its roots before the oil exploration, but it is with the exploration, production and export of oil that led to the realisation of the Trucial States to bring the seven Emirates under British colonial rule with a strategic shift.
Lee also stressed that the two countries should move forward "without forgetting history" and former colonial ruler Japan should make greater efforts to resolve issues stemming from" the 1910-45 colonial rule.
The continuing tide of drug-related killings in Mexico has drawn thousands of protesters to march against violence SOUTH KOREA South Korean family members of the victims of World War II, stage a rally marking the liberation of the Korean Peninsula from 1910-1945 colonial rule in Seoul, South Korea

Full browser ?