Colosseum

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Colosseum

or

Coliseum

(both: kŏləsē`əm), Ital. Colosseo, common name of the Flavian Amphitheater in Rome, near the southeast end of the Forum, between the Palatine and Esquiline hills. Begun by Vespasian, c.A.D. 75, and completed by his son Titus in A.D. 80, it is the most imposing of Roman antiquities. The vast four-storied oval is 617 ft (188 m) by 512 ft (156 m), much of which is still standing; it had tier on tier of marble seats accommodating c.45,000 spectators. It encloses an arena measuring 250 ft (76 m) by 151 ft (46 m) where gladiatorial combats were held (see gladiatorsgladiators
[Lat.,=swordsmen], in ancient Rome, class of professional fighters, who performed for exhibition. Gladiatorial combats usually took place in amphitheaters. They probably were introduced from Etruria and originally were funeral games.
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) until 404. According to tradition, persecuted Christians were thrown there to beasts. The Colosseum has been damaged several times by earthquakes.

Bibliography

See J. Pearson, Arena: The Story of the Colosseum (1974).

Colosseum

 

(Amphitheatrum Flavium), a monument of ancient Roman architecture (A.D. 75–80).

The Colosseum is elliptical in plan, about 190 m long and 156 m wide. It includes an arena and four tiers of seats for spectators (about 50,000). The Colosseum was built for gladiatorial fights and other spectacles. Constructed of tufa, it had external walls faced with travertine. Inside, brick and concrete were used for the construction of the arched galleries, and the platforms were covered with marble. The statues and stucco decorations of the Colosseum have not been preserved. Outside, three tiers of arcades (Tuscan, Ionic, and Corinthian orders) and a crowning attic, articulated with flat pilasters, concealed the platforms and the labyrinth of the substructures of the arena. The majestic, grandiose Colosseum, with its powerfully rounded space and the rich plasticity of the arcades, is the most important of the Roman amphitheaters.

REFERENCE

Tsires, A. G. Arkhitektura Kolizeia. Moscow, 1940.

colosseum, coliseum

colosseum, 1 showing seating and plan at various levels
1.(cap.) The Flavian amphitheater in Rome.
2. Any large Roman amphitheater.
3. Now, any large sports arena, open or roofed.
References in periodicals archive ?
As is true with the Marku Hotel and the Rozafa Hotel, Colosseo faces competition from the other 14 hotels operating Shkodra city as well as challenges posed by a poor infrastructure.
To stud at 4 years and dam of: Acovia (2001f by Barathea; unraced), Winning Sequence (2002 f by Zafonic; winner), Colosseo (2003 c by Nashwan; winner), Coquerelle (2004 f by Zamindar; Gr1 winner).
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And visitors to the new Colosseo theme hotel will feel as if transported back to the age of Ancient Rome.
In quanto connotativa di un'alterita, tale liberazione assume contorni spaventosi, risolvendosi in comportamenti aggressivi fino a quando l'esorcismo di un frate e il potere della croce del Colosseo non riportano tutto nei ranghi, ristabilendo un ordine basato sulla supremazia della fede ("Fuori della Chiesa non esiste salvezza", dice lo zio prete di Ippolita).
Most of the historic sites are concentrated in the Old Rome and Colosseo areas, either side of Via dei Fori Imperiali, a huge main road constructed straight through the area by Mussolini in the 1930s.
It is during the Fascist ventennio that the modern capital's most important urban and architectural transformations took place, including such diverse projects as Marcello Piacentini's university campus, the Citta Universitaria; the demolitions (the so-called sventramenti) of the densely populated area around the Campidoglio, the Colosseo, and the Borgo; and those residential complexes known as borgate, built in the outskirts primarily for the former residents of the neighborhoods destroyed by the sventramenti.
PAUL HANAGAN described himself as 'absolutely made up' after completing his first century of winners with victory on Il Colosseo for Linda Stubbs in the juvenile novice stakes.
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Il Colosseo banished memories of a moderate effort at Ayr last month as he galloped to a convincing five-length victory for Dane O'Neill in the seven-furlong juvenile maiden.