John Coltrane

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Coltrane, John

(kōltrān`, kōl`trān), 1926–67, American jazz musician, b. Hamlet, N.C. He began playing tenor saxophone as an adolescent. Coltrane worked with numerous big bands before emerging in the mid-1950s as a major stylist while playing as a sideman with Miles DavisDavis, Miles,
1926–91, American jazz musician, b. Alton, Ill. Rising to prominence with the birth of modern jazz in the mid-1940s, when he was a sideman in Charlie Parker's bop quintet, Davis became a dominant force in jazz trumpet.
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. Originally influenced by Lester YoungYoung, Lester Willis,
1909–59, American jazz musician, b. Woodville, Miss. He played the tenor saxophone with various bands (1929–40), including those of Fletcher Henderson and Count Basie, with whom he first recorded in 1936.
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, Coltrane displayed in his playing a dazzling technical brilliance combined with ardent emotion and eventually a kind of mysticism. His style, which was at once sonorous and spare, was influenced by the rhythms and tonal structure of African and Asian music. Coltrane made a number of influential recordings, among them the modal-jazz classics My Favorite Things (1961) and A Love Supreme (1964), and the later exemplars of free jazz, Ascension and Interstellar Space, his final album. From the late 1950s until his death he was considered the outstanding tenor and soprano saxophonist of the jazz avant-garde, and his music continues to be a strong source of inspiration to jazz and pop musicians.

Bibliography

See biographies by E. Nisenson (1994) and L. Porter (1998); B. Ratliff, Coltrane: The Story of a Sound (2007); L. Brown, John Coltrane and Black America's Quest for Freedom (2010); discography by Y. Fujioka et al. (1995).

Coltrane, John (William)

(1926–67) jazz musician; born in Hamlet, N.C. Originally an alto saxophonist, he moved to Philadelphia after graduating from high school, where he had received his first formal training. He played with a local group in 1945, then spent part of his military service from 1945 to 1946 in a U.S. Navy band stationed in Hawaii. He studied woodwinds at the Granoff Studios and the Ornstein School of Music in Philadelphia during the late 1940s. Initially a disciple of Charlie Parker, he played alto and tenor saxophones in a succession of bands led by King Kolax, Eddie “Cleanhead” Vinson, Dizzy Gillespie, Earl Bostic, and Johnny Hodges between 1947 and 1954. By 1955, when he joined Miles Davis's celebrated quintet, he was playing tenor saxophone exclusively and gaining recognition for his distinctive "sheets of sound" style. He left Davis in 1957, began a series of free-lance recordings under his own leadership, and played a formative engagement with Thelonious Monk at the Five Spot in New York for six months. After a period of permanent rehabilitation from drug and alcohol addiction, he rejoined Davis from 1958 to 1960 and was profoundly influenced by the trumpeter's experiments in modal improvisation. In May 1960, following the critical acclaim of his recording Giant Steps, he began leading his own quartet. Later that year, his recording My Favorite Things, featuring his first use of the soprano saxophone, was a major jazz hit. For the next five years, while his quartet maintained a continual touring schedule in the U.S.A. and Europe, his quest for musical self-renewal made him one of the most revered and controversial figures in jazz. He embraced the new generation of free jazz exponents, and his music gradually reflected his interest in Eastern music and philosophy on such recordings as Om, Ascension, and A Love Supreme. He also emerged as the most influential and widely imitated saxophonist in jazz, his intensely emotional attack and dense flow of notes becoming hallmarks of the next generation of saxophone players. He led a variety of ensembles during the last two years of his life, working only sporadically while suffering from the liver cancer that claimed him at age 41.
References in periodicals archive ?
She lauds dozens of artists and cultural figures, including Bob Rogers, Horace Tapscott, Julius Hemphill, Tom Feelings, Emilio Cruz, Al Loving, Alice Coltrane, John Coltrane, Jackie McLean, Pedro Pietri, June Jordan, Octavia Butler, and Ousmane Sembene.
James Corden reprises his vocal role as the mouse, while Helena Bonham Carter, Rob Brydon, Robbie Coltrane, John Hurt and Tom Wilkinson also return.
In Chamber of Secrets, directed by Chris Columbus, Branagh stars alongside the cast from the first film, including Dame Maggie Smith, Robbie Coltrane, John Cleese and Richard Harris.
Among those tipped for other leading roles are Scots actors Robert Carlyle, Robbie Coltrane, John Hannah, Peter Mullen, and Ewan Stewart.
He appeared in the stage version of The Slab Boys and still keeps in touch with his acting friends from those days, including Robbie Coltrane, John Sessions, Emma Thompson and Kenneth Branagh.
The same cannot be said of the film's cast; Barbara Hershey, Robbie Coltrane, John Leguizamo and Ian Hart are usually pretty darn good.
I love great artists and there are too many to mention, but here are a few - Air, Basement Jaxx, Beatles, Billy Holiday, Burning Spear, Charlie Parker, Cypress Hill, Curtis Mayfield, Dizzy Gillespie, John Cage, Dr Dre, Fatboy Slim, Frank Sinatra, Goldie, Grooverider, Isaac Hayes, James Brown, Jimi Hendrix, John Coltrane, John Lennon, Jurassic 5, Led Zeppelin, Lou Reed, The Mighty, Miles Davis, Morcheeba, Oscar Peterson, Pink Floyd, Portishead, Prodigy, Roni Size, Stan Getz, Stone Roses, Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart.
The film - taken from the phenomenally successful books written by Edinburgh-based JK Rowling - and starring Robbie Coltrane, John Cleese and 11-year-old Daniel Radcliffe as Harry, is set for release next November.
The list of targets for all the adult parts are headed by top stars like Robbie Coltrane, John Cleese, Hugh Laurie, Dawn French and even American comic Danny De Vito.
Your dream dinner guests: Robson Green, Robbie Coltrane, John Thaw and Paul Merton.
Over the years, Haden said he has been able to work with a variety of artists, including Rickie Lee Jones, Herbie Hancock, Wynton and Branford Marsalis, John Coltrane, John Scofield, Pat Metheny and Keith Jarrett.