Coluber


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Related to Coluber: Coluber constrictor, Eastern racer

Coluber

 

(European whip snakes), a genus of snakes of the family Colubridae. The body reaches 2.4 m long. The upper part of the body is usually of one color; sometimes it has dark stripes and spots. The underside is lighter in color. The young snakes are usually of a different color than the adults.

There are about 30 species, distributed in southern Europe, Asia, northern and eastern Africa, and North and Central America. The USSR has six species: C. rhodorhachis, C. karelini, and C. spinalis are found in Middle Asia and Kazakhstan; C. ravergieri and C. najadum inhabit Middle Asia and the Caucasus; and C. jugularis is encountered in the European USSR, the Caucasus, and southern Turkmenia. The snakes inhabit steppes, semideserts, deserts, and forested plains and mountains. C. ravergieri lives at elevations to 2,500 m.

European whip snakes are very mobile. They feed predominantly on murids, lizards, fledglings, and small birds. The young feed on insects. Most species catch their prey with their teeth and then squeeze it with the body rings or press it against the ground. The snakes are all egg layers, with the female depositing as many as 25 eggs. The bite of Coluber, like those of other snakes in this family, is not dangerous to humans but may be painful.

I. S. DAREVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
A) Coluber flagellum piceus; B) Coluber lateralis; C) Crotalus ruber; D) Crotalus oreganus helleri; E) Arizona elegans occidentalis, standard morph (with food bolus at midbody); F) A.
Smith (1943) considered several currently valid genera such as Argyrogena Werner, 1924, Platyceps Blyth, 1860 and Spalerosophis Jan, 1865 to be synonyms of Coluber Linnaeus, 1758 s.
1991) First record of Acanthodactylus opheodurus ARNOLD, 1980 and Coluber ventromaculatus GRAY, 1834 (Squamata: Lacertidae, Colubridae) from the United Arab Emirates.
Bay # Captures Species Status 5 0 124 1 Black Racer, Coluber constrictor dead, partially decomposed 126 0 131 1 Black Racer, Coluber constrictor dead, recently 1 Rat Snake, Elaphe obsoleta dead, recently 1 Water Snake, Nerodia?
Turning to snakes, Coluber constrictor is conspicuously absent in the Midland-Saginaw Bay-Thumb area counties, including Midland, Bay, Saginaw, Tuscola, Huron, Sanilac, Lapeer, and St.
Month Dominant Dominant Dominant Dominant Species Amphibian Reptile Mammal July Bufo Bufo Coluber Blarina terrestris terrestris constrictor/ carolinensis Eumeces laticeps August Bufo Bufo Coluber Peromyscus sp.
piscivarus (>50 cm SVL) (105), Coluber constrictor (124), Crotalus horridus (3), Elgphe guttata (2), E.
The host list for Glypthelmins quieta includes five genera of anurans, Acris, Bufo, Hyla, Pseudacris and Rana; for Huematoloechus ion giplexus, two genera, Bufo and Rana; for Megalodiscus temperatus, four genera of anurans, Bufo, Hyla, Pseudacris, and Rana, five genera of Caudata, Ambystoma, Amphiuma, Desmognathus, Notophthalmus and Pseudotriton, and one genus of Serpentes, Coluber (Parker 1941; Catalano et al.
Food habits of the snake Coluber viridiflavus in relation to prey availability.
Movement ecology of Coluber constrictor near communal hibernacula.