Coluber


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Related to Coluber: Coluber constrictor, Eastern racer

Coluber

 

(European whip snakes), a genus of snakes of the family Colubridae. The body reaches 2.4 m long. The upper part of the body is usually of one color; sometimes it has dark stripes and spots. The underside is lighter in color. The young snakes are usually of a different color than the adults.

There are about 30 species, distributed in southern Europe, Asia, northern and eastern Africa, and North and Central America. The USSR has six species: C. rhodorhachis, C. karelini, and C. spinalis are found in Middle Asia and Kazakhstan; C. ravergieri and C. najadum inhabit Middle Asia and the Caucasus; and C. jugularis is encountered in the European USSR, the Caucasus, and southern Turkmenia. The snakes inhabit steppes, semideserts, deserts, and forested plains and mountains. C. ravergieri lives at elevations to 2,500 m.

European whip snakes are very mobile. They feed predominantly on murids, lizards, fledglings, and small birds. The young feed on insects. Most species catch their prey with their teeth and then squeeze it with the body rings or press it against the ground. The snakes are all egg layers, with the female depositing as many as 25 eggs. The bite of Coluber, like those of other snakes in this family, is not dangerous to humans but may be painful.

I. S. DAREVSKII

References in periodicals archive ?
Smith (1943) considered several currently valid genera such as Argyrogena Werner, 1924, Platyceps Blyth, 1860 and Spalerosophis Jan, 1865 to be synonyms of Coluber Linnaeus, 1758 s.
Coluber molossus Daudin (1803: 269-271) was based on reports by Bosc on specimens he observed in "Carolina.
Coluber constrictor is found in a variety of habitats throughout the United States including grasslands, prairies and forested areas (Conant & Collins 1998).
Food habits of the snake Coluber viridiflavus in relation to prey availability.
Movement ecology of Coluber constrictor near communal hibernacula.
In overall morphology and proportions, it most closely resembles trunk vertebrae of the 'racers' Coluber and Masticophis.
Fifteen individuals of seven species of snakes were collected including the brown snake, Storeria dekayi; the redbelly snake, Storeria occipitomaculata, the cottonmouth, Agkistrodon piscivorus; the ringneck snake, Diadophis punctatus; the eastern ribbon snake, Thamnophis sauritus; the black racer, Coluber constrictor; and the rough earth snake, Virginia striatula.
One-way Single- double- Species funnel funnel Amphibians Acris crepitans 0 1 Bufo valliceps 5 4 Gastrophryne olivaceus 0 5 Rana catesbeiana 4 5 Rana sphenocephala 0 2 Scaphiopus holbrookii 0 1 Scaphiopus hurteri 2 0 Total 11 18 Reptiles Agkistrodon contortrix 4 0 Coluber constrictor 1 4 Elaphe obsoleta 1 2 Nerodia rhombifer 0 3 Thamnophis proximus 1 11 Cnemidophorus 3 0 sexlineatus Sceloporus olivaceus 1 2 Sceloporus undulatus 2 12 Scincella lateralis 0 5 Total 13 39 Mammals Sigmodon hispidus 8 19 Total herpetofauna 24 57 Total vertebrates 32 76
The host list for Glypthelmins quieta includes five genera of anurans, Acris, Bufo, Hyla, Pseudacris and Rana; for Huematoloechus ion giplexus, two genera, Bufo and Rana; for Megalodiscus temperatus, four genera of anurans, Bufo, Hyla, Pseudacris, and Rana, five genera of Caudata, Ambystoma, Amphiuma, Desmognathus, Notophthalmus and Pseudotriton, and one genus of Serpentes, Coluber (Parker 1941; Catalano et al.
26) In Christian apologetics the tribe of Judah (from which sprang Mary-Ecclesia) had long been contrasted to the cursed tribe of Dan, from which will spring the serpent Antichrist, identified with Satan: `fiat Dan coluber in via cerastes in semita | mordens ungulas equi ut cadat ascensor eius retro'.
Group Abundance Anurans Extremely abundant (90+% of NISP) Pond turtles (Trachemys, Chrysemys, Very abundant Emydoidea, Chelydra) Snakes (Thamnophis, Nerodia, Abundant Sistrurus, Coluber, Paracoluber, Pantherophis, Heterodon, Paleoheterodon, Lampropeltis, Opheodrys) Rodents (Spermophilus, Geomys, Abundant Symmetrodontomys, Bensonomys, Ogmodontomys, Phophenacomys, Dipoides) Rabbits (Hypolagus) Uncommon Land tortoises (Hesperotestudo) Uncommon Fishes (small catfish and sunfish) Uncommon Salamanders Rare Moles Rare Shrews (Sorex) Rare