Colum, Padraic(pä`drĭk kŏl`əm), 1881–1972, Irish-American author, b. Longford, Ireland. He was active in the Irish literary renaissanceIrish literary renaissance,
late 19th- and early 20th-century movement that aimed at reviving ancient Irish folklore, legends, and traditions in new literary works. The movement, also called the Celtic renaissance, was in part the cultural aspect of a political movement that was
..... Click the link for more information. and helped to found the Abbey Theatre. His verse includes Wild Earth (1907), The Story of Lowry Maen (1937), and Collected Poems (1953). He also wrote children's stories based on Irish folklore. His wife was Mary (Maguire) Colum, 1880?–1957, Irish-American critic, b. Sligo, Ireland. Her autobiography, Life and the Dream (1947), vividly describes various literary circles.
Born Dec. 8, 1881, in Longford; died Jan. 11, 1972, in Enfield, Conn.; buried in Dublin. Irish poet and playwright.
Colum was part of the Celtic revival movement. He moved to the USA in 1914. Colum published his early verses in the collection Wild Earth (1907). He was the author of such plays as Broken Soil (1905) and Thomas Muskerry (1910). Colum was one of the first in Irish literature to portray the manners and mores of peasant life, which he embellished romantically. The action of his novels Castle Conquer (1923) and The Flying Swans (1957) develops in the Irish provinces in the late 19th century. Colum published a biography of J. Joyce in 1958 and one of A. Griffith in 1959.
WORKSCollected Poems. New York, 1953.
Ten Poems. Dublin, 1957.
Legends of Hawaii. New Haven .
The Poets’ Circuits: Collected Poems of Ireland. London, 1960.
REFERENCESBoyd, E. Ireland’s Literary Renaissance. London, 1923.
Bowen, Z. P. Colum. London-Amsterdam .