Columbia Mountains


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Columbia Mountains

 

a group of mountain ranges (Cariboo, Monashee, Selkirk, and Purcell) in the inner belt of the Canadian Cordillera between 48° and 54° N lat.

To the east the Columbia Mountains are bordered by a narrow tectonic depression called the Rocky Mountain trench; to the west they adjoin the Fraser and Kamloops plateaus. The mountains are composed primarily of Precambrian massive crystalline rocks. They are deeply dissected, mainly by longitudinal river valleys; there are many dammed lakes. Many of the peaks are over 3,000 m in elevation; the highest is Mount Sir Wilfrid Laurier, 3,581 m. Glacial forms of relief are typical; the modern glaciers are large. Altitude belts of forest-steppe, coniferous subalpine forests, alpine meadows, rocks, and glaciers are well pronounced in the Columbia Mountains. On the damper western slopes at an altitude of 750–1,200 m a belt of luxuriant coniferous forest (the Columbia Forest) has developed. Glacier National Park is in the Selkirk range.

References in classic literature ?
20, Empire 12, Columbia Mountain 18, Midway 140--and, and that is all.
The company offers intermediate to expert skiers and riders the choice of eight lodges and thee town-based hotels in the Columbia Mountains of British Columbia.
Guardians of the peaks; mountain rescue in the Canadian Rockies and Columbia Mountains.
We were climbing at the base of the dramatic granite spires of the Bugaboos in the Columbia Mountains near the British Columbia-Alberta border.
Despite the heights we were to reach in the Columbia Mountains, this was not going to be some backcountry, sleeping-on-the-ground camping trip.
CMH has 12 heli-ski operations and 5 heli-hiking operations in the Columbia Mountains of British Columbia.
Glen Boles; my mountain album; art & photography of the Canadian Rockies & Columbia Mountains.
Canadian mountain place names; the Rockies and Columbia Mountains.

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