Comanche

(redirected from Comanche Nation)
Also found in: Dictionary, Thesaurus.
Related to Comanche Nation: Comanche indians

Comanche

(kəmăn`chē), Native North Americans belonging to the Shoshonean group of the Uto-Aztecan branch of the Aztec-Tanoan linguistic stock (see Native American languagesNative American languages,
languages of the native peoples of the Western Hemisphere and their descendants. A number of the Native American languages that were spoken at the time of the European arrival in the New World in the late 15th cent.
..... Click the link for more information.
). They originated from a Basin-type culture and eventually adopted a Plains culture. They separated from the Shoshone and migrated southward in the late 1600s, appearing in New Mexico around 1705. In the late 18th cent. and early 19th cent. their range included SE Colorado, SW Kansas, W Oklahoma, and N Texas. The Comanche were excellent horsemen and inveterate raiders, often pushing far S into Mexico. They were extremely warlike and effectively prevented white settlers from passing safely through their territory for more than a century. They are said to have killed more whites in proportion to their own numbers than any other Native American group. They were associated with the Kiowa, the Cheyenne, and the Arapaho in a loose confederacy. The Comanche, however, considered themselves superior to their associates, and their language served as the trade language for the area. The sun dance, a common feature in the Plains culture area, was not an important part of Comanche culture; they probably introduced the peyotepeyote
, spineless cactus (Lophophora williamsii), ingested by indigenous people in Mexico and the United States to produce visions. The plant is native to the SW United States, particularly S Texas, and Mexico, where it grows in dry soil.
..... Click the link for more information.
 ritual to the Plains tribes. Never a large group despite their wide range, their numbers were greatly reduced by warfare and disease. In 1990 there were about 11,500 Comanche in the United States.

Bibliography

See E. Wallace and E. A. Hoebel, Comanches, The Lords of the South Plains (1952); J. E. Harston, Comanche Land (1963); A. C. Greene, The Last Captive (1972); T. R. Fehrenbach, Comanches: The Destruction of a People (1974); P. Hamalainen, The Comanche Empire (2009); S. C. Gwynne, Empire of the Summer Moon (2010).

Comanche

 

one of the Shoshonean-speaking Indian tribes that inhabited the southwestern plains region of North America. In the 18th and 19th centuries they were nomadic horse breeders and bison hunters; they numbered approximately 30,000. During the 19th century they waged a heroic struggle against the colonizers who invaded their lands. Comanche resistance was broken in 1875, and the survivors (approximately 1,400 persons) were sent under escort to reservations in Oklahoma. The present-day Comanches (who numbered 5,800 in 1950) work mainly as hired hands on farms and ranches.

Comanche

horse; sole survivor of Little Big Horn massacre (1876). [Am. Hist.: Wallechinsky, 126]
References in periodicals archive ?
Customers of four Comanche casinos, Comanche Nation Casino, Comanche Red River Hotel Casino, Comanche Spur Casino and Comanche Star Casino, brought school supplies into their casino of choice in exchange for a compelling prize -- free Comanche Credit.
They pledged secrecy,'' Comanche Nation Chairman Wallace Coffey said at a ceremony honoring the men.
Johnny Depp's 'Lone Ranger' may not be so lonesome after all, as the star has been made an honorary member of the Comanche Nation tribe of New Mexico.
Clark was the oldest grandson of Chief Quanah Parker of the Comanche Nation, and recently was recognized as the oldest man and oldest veteran in that nation.
have been selected by the Comanche Nation to provide design and construction for a casino/hotel complex near Lawton, OK.
July 9, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- The Comanche Nation tribe puts ideals into action every day.
In addition to their training at federal boarding schools, the Comanche also had a long history of a militarized culture that lead the Comanche Nation to becoming masters of the Southern Plains.
Oklahoma is home to four tribal colleges: the College of the Muscogee Nation, Comanche Nation College, Pawnee Nation College and Cheyenne-Arapaho Tribal College.
March 26, 2015 /PRNewswire/ -- Comanche Nation Entertainment, formerly Comanche Nation Casinos, is pleased to announce the launch of new websites for four of their five casinos and for their corporate headquarters.
During the past eight years, however, tribal colleges have been cropping up throughout the state, including the Comanche Nation College, the College of the Muscogee Nation, the Pawnee Nation College and most recently the Cheyenne and Arapaho Tribal College.
The facility will feature dining services and a Comanche Nation Museum and Cultural Center.