Commagene


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Commagene

(kŏməjē`nē), ancient district of N Syria, on the Euphrates River and S of the Taurus range, now in SE Asian Turkey. Its metropolis, Samosata, was founded by Samos, the king of Commagene, c.150 B.C. The fertile agricultural district was made part of the Assyrian Empire and later of the Persian Empire. In the period after Alexander the Great, it gradually assumed independence under the Seleucid kings of Syria, and its governor, Ptolemy, revolted in 162 B.C., declaring absolute independence. The ruling dynasty of independent Commagene was related to the Seleucids. In 64 B.C., King Antiochus I, a Roman ally, had his territory enlarged by Pompey, but when he aided the Parthians he was deposed in 38 B.C. by Antony. The spectacular ruins of Antiochus's tomb and its colossal statues are on Mt. NemrutNemrut, Mount,
Turk. Nemrut Dağ, mountain in SE Turkey, in the Anti-Taurus Mts. Rising 7,052 ft (2,150 m), it is the site of the mausoleum of Antiochus I (c.69–c.34 B.C.), king of ancient Commagene.
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. Commagene was annexed by Tiberius (A.D. 17) but a new king, Antiochus IV, was instated by Caligula (A.D. 38), was soon deposed, and then reinstated (A.D. 41) by Claudius. Finally Vespasian permanently annexed Commagene (A.D. 72) to the Roman province of Syria. The territory was invaded by Khosrow IKhosrow I
(Khosrow Anüshirvan) , d. 579, king of Persia (531–79), greatest of the Sassanid, or Sassanian, monarchs. He is also known as Chosroes I or Khosru I. He succeeded his father, Kavadh I, but before becoming king, Khosrow was responsible for a great massacre (c.
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 of Persia in 542, but he withdrew the same year when his campaign was checked by BelisariusBelisarius
, c.505–565, Byzantine general under Justinian I. After helping to suppress (532) the dangerous Nika riot (see Blues and Greens), he defeated (533–34) the Vandals of Africa, and captured their king.
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References in periodicals archive ?
In 62 BC, King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene built a tomb-sanctuary flanked by huge statues of himself, two lions, two eagles and various Greek, and Persian gods on the mountain top.
After lunch you can travel on to the ancient site, KarakuE- tumulus -- a burial mound for women from the Commagene royal family dating from the first century A.
A prisoner from the conquest of his hometown, Commagene, Mara wrote to his son from a Roman jail complaining of Roman imperialism but seeking solace should he be executed.
82) Augustus had structured the defense of eastern Anatolia on client-kings in Armenia, Commagene and Cappadocia, which after its annexation as a procuratorial province in 17, remained inermis.
King Antiochus I Theos of Commagene built on the mountain top a tomb-sanctuary flanked by huge statues of himself, two lions, two eagles and various Greek, Armenian, and Iranian gods, such as Hercules-Vahagn, Zeus-Aramazd or Oromasdes and Apollo-Mithras.
He was the first to lead Turkish teams in the excavation of such sites as the Commagene tomb-sanctuary in Nemrut Dagi, located in Southeastern Turkey, today a UNESCO World Heritage site; and the Hekate sanctuary in Lagina in Southeastern Anatolia and Sidon, in what is now Lebanon, where he found sarcophagi that rank among the worldOs most important archaeological discoveries.
A few papers deal with areas bordering on the Roman province of Syria: Commagene (Bruno Iacobs), Hellenistic Uruk (Gunvor Lindstrom), and the building program of Herod the Great in modern Israel (Sarah Japp).
The Kingdom of Commagene was a small breakaway territory from the Seleucid Empire based at Antioch and known to few before 1881 when a German archaeologist found a collection of huge statues on this mountain top.
After the annexation of Commagene in AD 72, Samosata flourished as an apparently large town of the Roman Empire, lying on one of the handful of major crossings of the Euphrates.
ySTANBUL (CyHAN)- Husamettin's family was from Gerger, a small settlement near Adyyaman where I once had to speak very firmly to a "taxi" driver who wanted me to shin up a treacherous-looking plug of rock in search of a carving dating back to Commagene times despite a complete absence of anything resembling a path and the fact that I was clad in shoes that were little more than slippers.
Zeugma is an ancient city of Commagene and a historical settlement which is considered among the four most important settlement areas under the reign of the kingdom of Commagene.
What is even more intriguing is the claim by the great king Antiochus I of Commagene (69-31 B.