Commercial Schools

Commercial Schools

 

secondary schools in prerevolutionary Russia that trained students for commerce.

The first commercial school was established in Moscow in 1773. In 1804 a commercial school was opened at the expense of the merchant class of Moscow; in 1806 it was renamed the Moscow Practical Academy. In the late 19th century, commercial schools were created in various Russian cities on the initiative and at the expense of the industrial and commercial bourgeoisie. Until 1906, all commercial schools were under the jurisdiction first of the Ministry of Finance and later of the Ministry of Trade and Industry. By the Statute of 1896, commercial schools became general-education schools charged with providing general and commercial education.

The fees of commercial schools were high, which meant that the great majority of students were children of the big and middle bourgeoisie. Boys and girls were taught together in many schools. They had seven-year or eight-year programs. In the upper grades, time was set aside for specialized subjects (including the study of commodities and engineering, bookkeeping, and accounting). Graduates could enroll in commercial institutes or higher technical schools. Commercial schools had more financial support than other secondary schools in Russia. In the 1913–14 school year, there were about 250 commercial schools in Russia (55,000 students, including 10,500 girls). Such well-known Russian pedagogues and methodologists as V. A. Gerd, V. N. Verkhovskii, and P. A. Znamenskii worked in commercial schools. The schools existed up to 1918.

References in classic literature ?
Their commercial school days were a period of disgrace and despair for the young couple.
The average percentage distribution in southern Nigeria in 1966 was about 26% for both grammar and commercial schools and was as high as 39% in Lagos in the same year.
Contract notice: Dillenburg commercial schools, Drywall works.
The significance of this paper is that it explores the possible reasons why some private commercial schools are still in operation despite not meeting the recommended regulatory guidelines.
Supply of machinery, equipment & installations for the different specialty technical schools including industrial, agricultural and commercial schools in two lots.
EDUCATION Minister Dr Majid Al Nuaimi yesterday revealed that 2,671 students had joined the modified technical and vocational apprenticeship system during the academic year 2011-2012 in technical schools and 104 male students in commercial schools.
A total of 2,671 students had joined the modified technical and vocational apprenticeship system during the academic year 2011-2012 in technical schools and 971 students in commercial schools of Bahrain, said a senior government official.
If administration of these schools doesn't want to reduce the fees then they should withdraw the word missionary and name their schools as commercial schools, a group of parents said.
If administration of these schools doesnt want to reduce the fees then they should withdraw the word missionary and name their schools as commercial schools, a group of parents said.
When I was there, we were told they used to be the Junior Tech and Junior Commercial schools.
This type of training had previously only been available at commercial schools at a much higher cost.
There were specialist art schools (Moseley School of Art) and commercial schools (in Aston and Sparkhill), which were also entered by means of an entrance test, as were the grammar schools.

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