Civil Aviation

(redirected from Commercial air travel)
Also found in: Wikipedia.

Civil Aviation

 

a sector of the national economy serving the needs of the national economy and the public for air transport. Civil aviation is also used for aerial spraying of crops to provide protection against pests, for aerial photographic surveying, for prospecting for valuable minerals, and for other tasks in which it replaces ground equipment. Civil aviation possesses a fleet of aircraft and helicopters; a network of air lines, airports, and airfields with their technical facilities: radio and weather stations; plants and repair facilities; scientific research institutions; and schools.

In the USSR, civil aviation (Aeroflot) began developing in 1923 (with the creation of the All-Russian Society of the Volunteer Air Force, known as Dobrolet). Civil aviation has been unified under the Ministry of Civil Aviation of the USSR (created in 1964). It carries out major transport services and serves agriculture in protecting farm crops against pests, weeds, and crop diseases, as well as in topdressing plants with mineral fertilizers. Civil aviation also helps in studying forested areas and protecting them against fires and pests. Civil aviation has also participated in developing the regions of the Far North. It is involved in surveying ice in the basin of the Arctic Ocean and serves fisheries and the hunting industry. It provides help in carrying out various kinds of scientific exploratory and research work and carries out aerial photographic surveying. Civil aviation helps in laying oil and gas pipelines and in building various industrial projects. The air medical service has also assumed great importance.

REFERENCE

Grazhdanskaia aviatsiia SSSR, 1917–1967. Moscow, 1968.

V. N. SHAPOSHNIKOV

References in periodicals archive ?
dollars) in the Pacific Aeronautical Charting and Procedures Project to enhance safety and make commercial air travel in the region safer.
Set Jet facilitates this unique members-only based service from non-congested and conveniently located VIP private terminals, without the traditional inconveniences related to commercial air travel, such as advance notice for booking flights, price premiums for last minute travel, time allowance for driving to primary airports, check-in requirements, security delays and parking expenses.
We're backing Prestige Private Air because it's a powerful platform aimed to disrupt the domestic commercial air travel industry, which is a $150 billion market we've loved to hate for too long.
Commercial air travel seems to have become a miserable, stressful and claustrophobic experience.
Commercial air travel out of the Crimean Peninsula is limited to travel to and from the Russian Federation.
Commercial air travel also helps foster economic development and trade.
New York (AirGuide - Airline & Travel News) Tue, Feb 4, 2014 Commercial air travel had a banner year in 2013, according to airsafe.
When it comes to the safety of commercial air travel in the U.
Every forecast suggests that commercial air travel is going to continue to expand and we are ensuring that we are well placed to take advantage by increasing our manufacturing capacity and developing new, innovative products.
The government argued that the merger would reduce competition for commercial air travel in local markets throughout the United States and cause passengers to pay higher airfares and receive poorer service.
The business jet charter provides flexibility, convenience and in many cases, the only viable option, and where groups are involved, this can be a very cost effective way to travel compared to first class commercial air travel.
According to the company, the air charter business in Saudi Arabia is gaining ground as a preferred and cost-effective alternative to commercial air travel.

Full browser ?