Commissions of Inquiry


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Commissions of Inquiry

 

permanent or temporary international bodies established by special agreement to look into the factual circumstances and true causes of international disputes. Commissions of inquiry may be formed by the states involved in the dispute or by international organizations.

The first regulations concerning international commissions of inquiry were included in the Hague Conventions of 1899 and 1907 on the peaceful resolution of international conflicts. The first commission investigated the dispute between Russia and Great Britain over the Dogger Bank incident in 1904.

According to the Hague Convention of 1907, the aim of a commission of inquiry was to facilitate the resolution of an international dispute by elucidating the circumstances surrounding it. Unlike the decision of an arbitration tribunal, the report of a commission of inquiry was not binding, and the disputants were free to accept or reject the commission’s conclusions.

The regulations included in the Hague Convention of 1907 served as a model for other multilateral agreements on the peaceful resolution of international disputes, such as the Treaty on the Avoidance or Prevention of Conflicts Between American States (May 3, 1923), which is known as the Gondra Treaty.

The UN Charter established a film juridical basis for more highly effective, peaceful means of resolving international disputes, including procedures for inquiries. The possibility of appeals by states to commissions of inquiry is provided for in the UN Charter (art. 33, point 1), as well as in a number of other multilateral and bilateral treaties on specific issues, such as the Declaration on Principles of International Law (1970) and the Declaration on Strengthening International Security (1970).

References in periodicals archive ?
Section 8 of the Commissions of Inquiry Act provides for the Commission to request the President to confer on them powers to call for a statement of bank accounts and taxes.
Although Commissions of Inquiry are often created by external mandate, the Bahraini Independent Commission of Inquiry was the product of internal decision-making.
Culture Minister Shaikha Mai bint Mohammed Al Khalifa also yesterday established commissions of inquiry to investigate violations and involvement of several employees in the recent protests.
It is worth pointing out, before examining in more detail the Commissions of Inquiry, that every stage of all of the ILO's supervisory procedures is published, on paper and/or online, except the internal deliberations of such bodies as the Committee of Experts and the Committee on Freedom of Association.
SPECIAL ILO SUPERVISION PROCESS: COMMISSIONS OF INQUIRY
He reflects on five particular commissions of inquiry that were subject to judicial review in Canada.
Commissions of inquiry have been criticized for several reasons: for being unfair to the persons who are the subject of unfavourable comment, made during public hearings or in the commission's report; for costing too much; and for taking too long.
The relevant provisions of the Commissions of Inquiry Act, 1952, would apply, the order added.
Commissions of inquiry and national security; comparative approaches.
PRIVATE commissions of inquiry would cost just a tenth of the current tribunal system, the Justice Minister said today.
The years of scandal; commissions of inquiry in Western Australia 1991-2004.

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