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in law, a minor crime, in contrast to a felonyfelony
, any grave crime, in contrast to a misdemeanor, that is so declared in statute or was so considered in common law. In early English law a felony was a heinous act that canceled the perpetrator's feudal rights and forfeited his lands and goods to the king, thus depriving
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. At common lawcommon law,
system of law that prevails in England and in countries colonized by England. The name is derived from the medieval theory that the law administered by the king's courts represented the common custom of the realm, as opposed to the custom of local jurisdiction that
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 a misdemeanor was a crime other than treason or a felony. Although it might be a grave offense, it did not affect the feudal bond or take away the offender's property. By the 19th cent. serious crimes were labeled felonies, and minor crimes misdemeanors. In the United States a misdemeanor usually is an offense that may be punished summarily by fine and by imprisonment for less than a year. Commission of a misdemeanor does not cancel citizenship or subject an alienalien,
in law, any person residing in one political community while owing allegiance to another. A procedure known as naturalization permits aliens to become citizens.

Each nation establishes conditions upon which aliens will be admitted, and makes laws concerning them.
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 to deportation. In some states of the United States certain minor law violations are not even classified as misdemeanors, e.g., traffic offenses and breach of municipal regulations.


(US), misdemeanor
Criminal law (formerly) an offence generally less heinous than a felony and which until 1967 involved a different form of trial
References in periodicals archive ?
National and international political rivalries can no longer be permitted to inhibit the pursuit and prosecution of the perpetrators of grave common crime.
Based on a study of claims experience, The Hanover identified the following four common crime schemes in business:
Burglaries are a common crime and are difficult to solve.
Next to internal theft, embezzlement is the most common crime against businesses and organizations.
DRUG dealing is the most common crime committed by corrupt police officers.
3) Although vehicle theft generally had been considered a problem plaguing the large cities of north and central Texas, it also had become a common crime in the small cities and towns of south Texas along the Rio Grande Valley in recent years.
Rebelo said: "We have cases of violence in our cities, violence with social origins, common crime, robberies.
He said a common crime was to give babies very hot milk in order to burn their throats and stomachs.
The Balsall Common Crime Prevention Group was set up three years ago by residents to run a police safety shop, promote neighbourhood watch schemes and organise meetings for people and businesses to discuss issues and concerns affecting the community.
The most common crime issues are low-level offenses such as bicycle and laptop computer theft.
Violence was the most common crime reported, with police logging 19,232 incidents.
Theft was the most common crime reported by Welsh respondents to the survey, followed by vandalism.