rule

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rule

1. the exercise of governmental authority or control
2. the period of time in which a monarch or government has power
3. a prescribed method or procedure for solving a mathematical problem, or one constituting part of a computer program, usually expressed in an appropriate formalism
4. any of various devices with a straight edge for guiding or measuring; ruler
5. Christianity a systematic body of prescriptions defining the way of life to be followed by members of a religious order
6. Law an order by a court or judge

Rule

 

a proposition that expresses permission or a requirement to perform or refrain from performing, under particular conditions, some act; the word “act” is understood to refer to some action or absence of action. These rules are called rules of permission and obligation, respectively; they are considered in a natural way to be elementary, or rules of the first rank, and are subsumed under the general term “injunction.” Complex rules are rules of the (n+ 1)th rank, obtained by applying injunctions to collections of rules of the nth or lesser rank in such a way that at least one of these rules must be of the nth rank. Ordinary grammatical rules are examples of rules of different, but not very high, ranks. A method is a system of rules of different ranks that includes rules designating the order in which other rules of the same system are introduced and rearranged.

Rules, whose systematic study is the object of deontic (normative) logic, are of importance in daily life and in all branches of science, particularly mathematics, logic, linguistics, ethics, jurisprudence, sociology, and political economy.

rule

[rül]
(mathematics)
An antecedent condition and a consequent proposition that can support deductive processes.

Rule

[′rül]
(astronomy)

rule

common types of rules
An instrument having straight edges, usually marked off in inches or centimeters and fractions thereof; used for measuring distance and for drawing straight lines.
References in periodicals archive ?
Beyond the Common Rule, evidence of compliance with the right to withdraw and mandatory re-consent is abundant in the consent forms for donation to biobanks, which are almost always written in a manner intended to comply with IRB regulations.
16) Common Rule agencies sequester "de-identified" or "anonymized" genomic data of kinds that many Internet-leveraged clinical studies may seek to make widely available.
The Common Rule codifies this principle: "Risks to subjects are reasonable in relation to anticipated benefits, if any, to subjects, and the importance of the knowledge that may reasonably be expected to result" [Common Rule (DHHS 2001)].
The NBAC proposal to create a new federal agency has been opposed by the Association of American Medical Colleges, which believes that the executive branch already "has sufficient authority to address problems of inconsistency in interpreting and applying the Common Rule, and that the Office of Science and Technology Policy and the Committee on Science of the NSTC should be directed to bring the representatives of the 17 federal agencies together to resolve these matters as expeditiously as possible.
institutions receiving funding from the Common Rule agencies.
Although noting the lack of consensus, the final majority report suggested that pesticide testing on human subjects would be permissible if all such research were reviewed in advance by an institutional review board in accordance with the protections of the Common Rule (Office of Science and Technology Policy 1991) and subject to scrutiny by the U.
There were some cases for which we could not verify compliance with certain Common Rule elements because the documentation was unavailable; however, based on our evaluation, it is apparent that the studies we reviewed were conducted in a manner substantially consistent with the fundamental protections of the Common Rule: voluntary participation, informed consent, and review by an ethical committee or institutional review board (which would have considered and discussed any potentially "scientifically misleading" protocols).
However, the broad language of the Common Rule has many grey areas, and questions about those areas are being raised in the course of the accelerating pace of health research and associated financial and professional conflicts and pressures.
These common rules will help to ensure a level playing field and improved investigation and prosecution across the EU.
The internal market refers to all the "approximation of laws" where countries have common rules for trade.
In terms an employee can take as a holiday leave, Bulgarian law offers the minimum leave entitlement enshrined in the EU's common rules, which is also the case for a number of other member states (Belgium, Czech Republic, Croatia, Estonia, Germany, Greece, the Netherlands).
Common rules for dress and behavior of students have been introduced in the universities of Uzbekistan in 2012.