common-law marriage

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common-law marriage:

see under husband and wifehusband and wife,
the legal aspects of the married state (for the sociological aspects, see marriage). The Marriage Contract

Marriage is a contractual relationship between a man and a woman that vests the parties with a new legal status.
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Common-Law Marriage

 

marital relations not formalized in the manner provided by law (see).

In the USSR, common-law marriage does not give rise to the marital rights and duties provided by legislation on marriage and the family. From 1927 through July 8, 1944, the legislation on marriage and the family of the RSFSR and other Union republics, except the Azerbaijan, Tadzhik, Uzbek, and Ukrainian SSR’s, allowed for recognition by judicial procedure of the legal force of a common-law marriage; children born of such a marriage had the same rights and duties with respect to their parents as children born of a registered marriage.

After the adoption of the Decree of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the USSR of July 8, 1944, which provided for the obligatory registration of marriage, the court was not permitted to recognize common-law marital relations that were formed after July 8, 1944. Persons who had entered into a common-law marriage before the issuance of the decree were given the right to register the marriage with an indication of the time they had been living together. In case one of the parties had died or been declared missing in action during wartime, the other party had the right to apply to the court for recognition of the dead or missing person as the spouse.

References in periodicals archive ?
The proportion of common-law partner killings surged during the depths of the Great Depression, though fights over money sparked lethal violence at the same proportion in informal and formal marriages.
The study had three goals: to document for Ontario the incidence of killings of women by intimate partners, including legal spouses, common-law partners and boyfriends, both current and estranged; to describe the characteristics of the people involved in and the circumstances surrounding these killings; and to present the stories of a small number of women who had been killed by their intimate partners.
89) The regulations also provide that the definition of a common-law partner includes "an individual who has been in a conjugal relationship with a person for at least one year but who is unable to cohabit with the person, due to persecution or any form of penal control.
They were also more likely to sustain injuries and to fear for their lives as a result of violence by a spouse or common-law partner than were non-Aboriginal victims.
The Court justifies its ruling by stating that extending the rule to common-law partners would infringe respect for their autonomy, freedom of choice, and human dignity under the Charter because neither partner would be free to choose to testify if they wanted to.
Dependent children, spouses and common-law partners are considered dependents of individuals applying to immigrate to Canada temporarily (as workers or students) or permanently.
The Compassionate Benefit may be shared with other El-eligible family members, if they fit particular relationship definitions, including caring for a spouse or common-law partner, a parent, the spouse or common-law partner of a parent, a child or a child of the spouse or common-law partner.
At present, a surviving spouse or common-law partner must be a band member to have the right to continue in the family home, though legislation is currently before Parliament to remedy this situation, in the form of Senate Bill S-2, the Family Homes on Reserves and Matrimonial Interests or Rights Act.
the reproductive use of the person who is, at the time of the donor's death, the donor's spouse or common-law partner,
Most notably, assets passing to a surviving spouse or common-law partner, or to a properly structured trust for that person, transfer at income tax cost, thereby deferring taxation until the survivor's death.
A former spouse or common-law partner in settlement of rights arising out of their marriage or common-law partnership; or
The Alberta Personal Income Tax Act has also been amended to adopt the definition of common-law partner as required by Alberta's tax collection agreement with the Government of Canada.