Communications Decency Act


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Communications Decency Act

(legal)
(CDA) An amendment to the U.S. 1996 Telecommunications Bill that went into effect on 08 February 1996, outraging thousands of Internet users who turned their web pages black in protest. The law, originally proposed by Senator James Exon to protect children from obscenity on the Internet, ended up making it punishable by fines of up to $250,000 to post indecent language on the Internet anywhere that a minor could read it.

The Electronic Frontier Foundation created public domain blue ribbon icons that many web authors downloaded and displayed on their web pages.

On 12 June 1996, a three-judge panel in Philadelphia ruled the CDA unconstitutional and issued an injunction against the United States Justice Department forbidding them to enforce the "indecency" provisions of the law. Internet users celebrated by displaying an animated "Free Speech" fireworks icon to their web pages, courtesy of the Voters Telecommunications Watch. The Justice Department has appealed the decision to the U.S. Supreme Court.
References in periodicals archive ?
Under the Communications Decency Act, I would have been prohibited from posting information about "excretory" functions for an on-line version of my newspaper.
SS: You're talking about S314, the Communications Decency Act, now on its way through Congress?
com using the Communications Decency Act, a law which protects forum providers on the Internet against legal claims arising from posts made by third parties.
In March, Twitter sought dismissal for the suit and pointed to Section 230 of the Communications Decency Act, which states that online services are exempt, for the most part, from the laws that make them responsible for other people's actions.
Adam Thierer, director of the Progress and Freedom Foundation's Center for Digital Media Freedom, calls Rockefeller's proposal "the most aggressive censorship measure that could come out of Congress since the Communications Decency Act," parts of which the Supreme Court ruled unconstitutional in 1997.
By far the most controversial new piece of legislation was the Child Online Protection Act (COPA), which opponents have dubbed "CDA II" after the notorious Communications Decency Act, which last year was overturned as unconstitutional.
For example, almost every member of Congress voted for the Clinton-backed Communications Decency Act, which would have imposed a straitjacket of censorship on cybercommunications.
Supreme Court's decision striking down the Communications Decency Act, newspapers and other Web content providers still face the problem of not violating community standards in a medium that has a global reach.
The Court has decided to hear a challenge to the Communications Decency Act, which regulates speech on the Internet and which has been criticized by AIDS activists, among others, as an infringement on open discussion of sexual issues.
Russell's obscenity-laced description of the authors of the Communications Decency Act in The American Reporter, but perfectly legal for Harper's to reprint the same article word-for-word and mail it to subscribers?
In addition to outlawing online transmission of obscene or harassing communications, the amendment--known as the Communications Decency Act of 1995-would impose criminal penalties on anyone who "purposefully makes available" indecent online material to a person under the age of 18.
A loophole in the US Communications Decency Act makes successful prosecutions of 'revenge porn' sites very difficult.

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