Communist Party of Cuba


Also found in: Wikipedia.

Communist Party of Cuba

 

(CPC, Partido Comunista de Cuba), a party founded at a national congress held in Havana in August 1925, following the unification of communist circles and the left faction of the Workers’ Socialist Party of Cuba (established in 1904–05). The party’s founders were C. Baliño and J. A. Mella. As early as 1926 the CPC was outlawed; it went underground and was subject to harsh persecution until September 1938. Despite certain errors of a left-sectarian nature committed during this period, the party was able to create a stable organization and forge a nucleus of leadership cadres. Emerging from the underground at a time when the democratic movement in the country was growing, the CPC formed a bloc with the Revolutionary Union (created not long before) and participated in the elections to the Constituent Assembly in 1939, winning six deputy seats. Communist deputies played a prominent role in the drawing up and adoption of the progressive constitution of 1940.

The CPC and the Revolutionary Union merged in 1940, and the party was renamed the Revolutionary Communist Union. Juan Marinello was elected chairman of the party, and Blas Roca became general secretary. In January 1944 the party was renamed the People’s Socialist Party of Cuba.

The party carried on extensive propaganda work to spread the ideas of Marxism-Leninism among the working people, and its influence among the masses expanded considerably. Aided by the Communists, the working people made important economic gains (partial increases in wages, a prohibition on driving peasant tenants from the land). From 1940 to 1952 the party had its own representatives in congress and in certain local government bodies, and from 1940 to 1944 it had representatives in the coalition government. The right-opportunist deviation that emerged within the party in the middle of 1943 (which arose under the influence of the ideas of the American revisionist E. Browder) was overcome by 1948. The repression of the Communists was renewed in 1946–47, resulting in the deaths of many prominent party figures, including J. Menendez, A. Iglesias, and Fernández Roig.

After the coup d’etat of 1952 and the establishment of the dictatorial Batista y Zaldívar regime, the party vigorously supported the unification of all forces opposed to the government, and it mobilized the masses for the struggle against the dictatorship. In November 1953 the People’s Socialist Party of Cuba was banned. The party participated on a broad scale in the liberation struggle waged by the people of Cuba against the dictatorship. It became a component of the actual bloc of the revolutionary forces that emerged, in the course of that struggle, around the Insurgent Army headed by Fidel Castro Ruz and the political organization the July 26 Movement. The victory of the revolution in 1959 and its progress, particularly the start of drastic social, political, and economic changes, sharpened the class struggle and brought about a clash with US imperialism; it also provided the conditions for the emergence of a single revolutionary party of the Cuban people. In mid-1961 the July 26 Movement, the student-led March 13 Revolutionary Directorate, and the People’s Socialist Party of Cuba merged into the United Revolutionary Organizations (URO) on a Marxist-Leninist platform. In 1962–63 the URO became the United Party of the Socialist Revolution. In October 1965 it was renamed the Communist Party of Cuba, and the Central Committee of the party was set up with the Politburo and Secretariat as its leading bodies.

In December 1975 the First Congress of the CPC was held. It adopted a number of basic decisions on the building of socialism and on the rules and program platform. According to these rules, the party is built on the principles of democratic centralism.

A CPC delegation attended the 1969 international Conference of Communist and Workers’ Parties in Moscow as an observer. The CPC has 203,000 members (1975). The first secretary of the Central Committee is F. Castro Ruz. The central organ is the paper Granma. The magazine El militante comunista covers organizational and ideological activity.

REFERENCES

Serviat, P. 40 aniversario de la fundación del Partido Comunista [No place, 1965.]
El Partido Marxista-Leninista, vol. 1. [Havana, 1963.]

O. T. DARUSENKOV [12–1609–1; updated]

References in periodicals archive ?
Castro will not be retiring from government entirely, because he will continue to be first secretary of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC), which is endorsed by the Cuban Constitution as the "organized vanguard of the Cuban nation," and "the highest leading force of society and of the state, which organizes and guides the common efforts towards the high ends of the construction of socialism and the advancement of the communist society.
In May, senior officials from the ruling Korean Workers' Party and the Communist Party of Cuba held talks on strengthening ties amid international condemnation against the North.
The party also extended their greetings to the members and the leadership of the Communist Party of Cuba (PCC), and to the Cuban people.
His new book Open for Business: Building the New Cuban Economy (2) examines the economic reform process which started in April 2011 when, led by President Raul Castro, the Sixth Party Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba approved "Guidelines for Economic and Social Policies of the Party and Revolution".
The " Official Ceremony cum Gala Dinner "co - hosted by the ALA and ICAP, on 09th March at the ICAP Headquarters was graced by the President of the ICAP, Kenio Serano, Vice Foreign Minister, Ana Terresita Gonzalez, Representative of the Communist Party of Cuba, Hilda Vasallo, officials from INDER, CWF, members of the Diplomatic Corps etc.
Central Report to the 6th Congress of the Communist Party of Cuba (April 16).
Newsrooms do not have specially designated censors, but reporters and editors know full well the guidelines set down by the Ideology Department of the ruling Communist Party of Cuba.
PM Dung expressed his belief that Cuban people will promote their revolutionary achievements over the past 55 years to successfully realise socio-economic directions that were approved during the sixth congress of the Communist Party of Cuba.
24, the new National Assembly for the next five-year term will be inaugurated, and its governing body between sessions--the Council of State, its president and its five vice-presidents--will be elected, based on a list of names nominated by the Politburo of the ruling Communist Party of Cuba.
The ruling Communist Party of Cuba is also worried about political dissidents leaving the country and engaging in subversive activities abroad, so restrictions on their travel freedoms will remain tight.
That's part of the take-away from a 32-page document published as a guide for the debate that will lead up to the first Congress since 1997 of the Communist Party of Cuba in April.
The younger brother of Cuba President Fidel Castro, he has been appointed to the positions of First Vice President of the Council of State, Vice President to the Council of Ministers, Vice Secretary of the Politburo and the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Cuba, and Maximum General of the Armed Forces, second only to the Commander in Chief, Fidel Castro.

Full browser ?