Communist Party of Iceland

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Communist Party of Iceland

 

(CPI; Kommúnista flokkur), founded in 1930, when a Marxist group that arose in 1922 within the Social Democratic Party of Iceland (SDPI; founded in 1916) left the SDPI and formed an independent party, the CPI. During the world economic crisis of 1929–33 the CPI led the struggle of the Icelandic working people for social and economic rights. The growing influence of the CPI among the working people was revealed in the 1937 elections to the Althing, where the CPI won three seats. In 1937–38 the movement toward creating a united workers’ party gained strength among the working people of Iceland. A left-wing opposition group that had formed within the SDPI in the mid-1930’s under the leadership of H. Valdimarsson and S. Sigurhjartarsson left the SDPI in October 1938. On Oct. 24–27, 1938, the group merged with the CPI to create the United Socialist Party of Iceland, which existed until 1968.

I. IU. KORCHAGIN

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