audio cassette

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audio cassette

A 1/8" inch, analog audio tape format that has been widely used for music distribution and home recording. Although the same size housing is used, the tape thickness and length determine the recording time. Cassettes holding from 15 minutes to 60 minutes per side have been manufactured.

Introduced by Philips in 1965, the "compact audio cassette" offered an alternative to the vinyl record player. Not only was it battery operated and portable, it was recordable, and the format became the standard among teenagers for taping concerts. As soon as commercial recordings on cassette began to proliferate, it became the standard for personal music playback in vehicles.

Enter the Walkman
In 1979, Sony introduced the Walkman, a small, lightweight and belt-worn audio cassette player that let a person comfortably listen to music via headphones while strolling. The progenitor of the digital music player, the tape-based Walkman was extremely popular during the 1980s. It evolved into a portable CD player by the end of the decade. See Walkman.

Digital Recording
In the late 1970s and early 1980s, many of the first personal computers allowed audio cassette recorders to function as digital storage. Never widely used, their transfer rates were slow, and the floppy disk was always preferred. See cassette.

Audio Cassette Recorders
A huge variety of cassette players and recorders were made over the years, both desktop and portable. On the right, both the blue-gray Radio Shack and silver Sony Walkman players have AM/FM tuners. The Walkman also includes TV audio and weather.

From Cassette to MP3 Player
Even the tiniest MP3 player holds 10 times as much music as an audio cassette. Apple's first iPod Shuffle was a fraction of the size of the cassette, let alone the player.

Long Gone
For decades, an audio cassette player was a common accessory in a vehicle. However, by 2011, they were history.
References in periodicals archive ?
reel-to-reel audio tape, compact cassettes, computer tape.
These offices represent Philips business units that include laser optics modules, optics, optoelectronics, electro optical components, magnetic heads, professional Digital Compact Cassette (DCC), wirewound components, DCC modules and tape mechanisms, optical media and microelectronic modules.
Among the many new technologies pioneered by Philips are audio cassettes, mini-cassettes, compact disc, laser video disc, Compact Disc Interactive (CD-I), and Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) systems.
Seagate entered the thin-film tape head market in 1988, and is now the industry's leading manufacturer of thin-film/MR tape heads for Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) devices.
9 /PRNewswire/ -- Digital Compact Cassette (DCC), a new digital recording and playback medium co-developed by Panasonic's parent company, Matsushita Electric Industrial Company, has been recognized by the editors of "R&D Magazine" as one of its 1992 "R&D 100 Award" winners for "the most technologically significant" new products of the year.
Other prizes include a complete Optimus(R) surround sound audio system, 10 Optimus DCT-2000 Digital Compact Cassette recorders, 25 Gold Charter Memberships to the Rock and Roll Hall of Fame and Museum and 100 Radio Shack(R) AM/FM stereo headsets.
As new music formats and delivery systems, such as laser discs, mini-discs, digital compact cassette, CDI and CD-ROM, or direct electronic transfer, become more important or established toward the close of this century, we'll be positioned to integrate them into our marketing mix," stated Lieff.
5-inch optical Mini Disc (MD), a digital format developed by Sony, is vying with Philips' Digital Compact Cassette (DCC) to become the higher-fidelity, portable successor to the standard audio cassette.
After the discrete test, and immediately prior to making a recommendation, NARM revised this first criterion to read "compact disc, laser disc, MiniDisc, video tape, Digital Compact Cassette, and Type II and Type IV and audio tape when packaged in a Norelco box.
After the discrete test, and immediately prior to making a recommendation, NARM revised this first criteria to read "compact disc, laser disc, MiniDisc, video tape, Digital Compact Cassette, and Type II and Type IV audio tape when packaged in a Norelco box.
The company also established the world's first digital compact cassette (DCC) plant in the Netherlands, which supplied the record industry's initial launch catalogue of 500 DCC titles to seven launch territories in the last quarter of 1992.
He is also vice chairman of the DCC group established to promote the introduction of the digital compact cassette in the United States.