Compact Car

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Compact Car


(in Russian, malolitrazhnyi avtomobil) the conventional designation for passenger cars with an engine displacement of 0.85-1.5 liters and a weight of 700-1,000 kg. Compact cars are designed for personal and official use (medical and postal service).

Modern compact cars usually have forward, longitudinal placement of the engine, with rear-wheel drive, although there are also arrangements with forward transverse or rear engine placement (in which the engine is combined with the transmission and rear-axle drive), with front-wheel or rear-wheel drive, respectively. Compact cars are usually equipped with four-cylinder, four-cycle water-cooled gasoline engines (rear-mounted engines are often air-cooled) with a power of 44-59 kilowatts (kW), or 60-80 hp. The frame-supported body seats four to five; maximum speed is 140-150 km/hr; acceleration from 0 to 100 km/hr (manual transmission) on a straight, level road with an improved surface (with the driver and one passenger) is about 20 sec. Average fuel consumption is 7-9 liters per 100 km.

In the USSR, compact cars are produced by the Lenin Komsomol Moscow Automotive Plant and the Izhevsk Machine-building Plant (Moskvich-412) and by the Volga and Zaporozh’e automotive plants (the Zhiguli VAZ-2101 [foreign trade name,. Lada] and Zaporozhets ZAZ-968). Abroad, compact cars are manufactured in great numbers in Japan and in the European countries.

References in periodicals archive ?
With many college students finishing their final semesters, the Compact Cars - Compact Payments sales event at Kokomo Honda represents a rare opportunity for students to drive a new car at a low price immediately after graduation.
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I think it is a big mistake to assume that cheap cars will become hit products in emerging countries,'' Executive Vice President Yukitoshi Funo told press in Tokyo, indicating the compact cars will be priced around the same level as the Etios sold in India.
Honda Motor Company (NYSE: HMC) (TYO: 7267), a Japan-based automaker, is commencing production of its compact cars in Argentina during the first half of 2011, Kyodo News has reported citing company officials.
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Recently, however, the Honda Fit compact car has taken over demand, causing domestic sales of the Civic to fall to around 9,000 units in 2009.
Production sites of the new generation of Mercedes-Benz compact cars
The automaker initially planned annual production of 150,000 compact cars at the second plant from 2011, but the financial crisis that erupted in the fall of 2008 forced a delay in the start of the plant's construction.
Daimler AG (Daimler) (NYSE: DAI) (FWB: DAI), a Germany-based automaker, is looking for a new partner for its compact cars.
6 percent of all new-vehicle sales, an increase of 3 percentage points from the first quarter of 2013 when compact SUVs was only the third best-selling vehicle segment, behind compact cars and midsize cars.