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(quantum mechanics)
The principle that nature has complementary aspects, particle and wave; the two aspects are related by p = h /λ and E = h ν, where p and E are the momentum and energy of the particle, λ and ν are the length and frequency of the wave, and h is Planck's constant.



in molecular biology, the mutual correspondence that makes for the connection between complementary structures (macromoiecules, molecules, radicals) and is determined by the chemical properties of the structures.

According to J. Watson, complementarity is possible if the surfaces of the molecules have complementary structures, so that a protruding group or positive charge on one surface corresponds to a cavity or negative charge on the other; in other words, interacting molecules must fit one another like lock and key. The complementarity of chains of nucleic acids is based on the interaction of their nitrogenous bases. Thus, only when the arrangement is such that the adenine (A) in one chain is opposite the thymine (T) or uracyl (U) in the other and the guanine (G) in one is opposite the cytosine (C) in the other will there be hydrogen bonds between the bases of the chains. Complementarity seems to be the only and universal chemical mechanism for the storage and transmission of genetic information.

Another example of complementarity is the interaction of an enzyme with its corresponding substrate. In immunology, the word “complementarity” refers to the relationship between an antigen and its corresponding antibodies. The term “complementarity” is sometimes used in biological literature in a sense that is closely related to the concept of complementation.


Watson, J. Molekuliarnaia biologiia gena. Moscow, 1967. (Translated from English.)


References in periodicals archive ?
Though many see the struggle for women's equality and the struggle for LGBT inclusion in the church as separate issues, the truth is that neither women nor LGBT people will achieve justice in this church until the notion of complementarity is dismantled.
Over the past ten years, these questions and others have emerged as flashpoints, as litigants have challenged the permissibility of cases brought in the ICC on complementarity grounds, arguing that state efforts to investigate and prosecute should abrogate ICC investigations and indictments.
Having missed out on many dates with history, the Arab world is called upon to ensure that complementarity no longer remains a slogan that is postponed indefinitely.
As clarified in Topkis (1998), the R&D complementarity means that firms can have higher R&D or innovation output if they simultaneously engage in multiple R&D strategies.
In addition to the general language in the Preamble, Article 17 of the Rome Statute in particular implements the principle of complementarity.
In the first auction, bidders may overbid to try to win A to increase their chances to win both auctions and thus receive the complementarity (2).
This means adopting a proactive approach to complementarity, aimed at developing national systems and to ensure long-term sustainability.
The ICC's complementarity regime is messy in terms of separating clear lines of authority.
this should be considered as a violation of complementarity since the same photons have been used for recording both the 'path' and the wave-like information.
One important and interesting topic is how complementarity should be understood.
Complementarity is a relatively new legal concept that suggests that the world court can try crimes of genocide, crimes against humanity, and war crimes in the stead of national courts, if it is determined that a country's courts are unwilling or unable to genuinely investigate or prosecute.
They discusses such matters as complementarity and creativity in brain science, creativity in the infant's world, and the difference between a brain and a computer.