Polyglot Bible

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Polyglot Bible

(pŏl`ēglŏt), Bible in which different texts, often in different languages, are laid out in parallel columns. Polyglot Bibles serve as tools for textual criticism. Origen's HexaplaHexapla
[Gr.,=sixfold], polyglot edition of the Hebrew Bible prepared by Origen (c.185–c.255). It was mainly in six columns—a Hebrew text (probably the Masoretic), a Greek transliteration of it, and four Greek versions (those of Aquila, Symmachus, and Theodotion, and
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 was the most famous ancient example. More recent Polyglot Bibles include the Complutensian Polyglot, which contained the first printed Greek New Testament (prepared at Alcalá, Spain, 1514–17); the Antwerp Polyglot (1571–80); the Paris Polyglot (1629–57); and the London, or Walton's, Polyglot (1654–57). The latter is the most elaborate and contains—besides the usual Hebrew and Greek—the Samaritan Pentateuch and the Aramaic, Latin, Ethiopian, Syrian, Arabic, and Persian biblical texts.
References in periodicals archive ?
The topics include methodological considerations in preparing an edition of the Hebrew Bible, from secondary versions through Greek rescensions to Hebrew editions: the contribution of the Old Latin version, the textual plurality of the Book of Joshua and the need for a Digital Complutensian Polyglot Bible, composition and editions in early Judaism: the case of Daniel, and quotations of Jewish scriptures in Greek and Latin texts.
Using the example of Cisneros's Complutensian Polyglot Bible of the sixteenth century, Maria Teresa Ortega-Monasterio demonstrates how the Bible enabled simultaneous study in Hebrew, Aramaic, Greek, and Latin on the same page.
Trained at the College of San Idelfonso at the University of Alcala, he practiced the philological approach to Scripture embraced by the humanists, helped in rendering the Old and New Testaments for the Complutensian Polyglot Bible, corresponded with Erasmus, was fond of classical authors such as Cicero and Suetonius, and owned works written by Lorenzo Valla, Pietro Bembo, and Angelo Poliziano.