Polyglot Bible

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Polyglot Bible

(pŏl`ēglŏt), Bible in which different texts, often in different languages, are laid out in parallel columns. Polyglot Bibles serve as tools for textual criticism. Origen's HexaplaHexapla
[Gr.,=sixfold], polyglot edition of the Hebrew Bible prepared by Origen (c.185–c.255). It was mainly in six columns—a Hebrew text (probably the Masoretic), a Greek transliteration of it, and four Greek versions (those of Aquila, Symmachus, and Theodotion, and
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 was the most famous ancient example. More recent Polyglot Bibles include the Complutensian Polyglot, which contained the first printed Greek New Testament (prepared at Alcalá, Spain, 1514–17); the Antwerp Polyglot (1571–80); the Paris Polyglot (1629–57); and the London, or Walton's, Polyglot (1654–57). The latter is the most elaborate and contains—besides the usual Hebrew and Greek—the Samaritan Pentateuch and the Aramaic, Latin, Ethiopian, Syrian, Arabic, and Persian biblical texts.
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Trained at the College of San Idelfonso at the University of Alcala, he practiced the philological approach to Scripture embraced by the humanists, helped in rendering the Old and New Testaments for the Complutensian Polyglot Bible, corresponded with Erasmus, was fond of classical authors such as Cicero and Suetonius, and owned works written by Lorenzo Valla, Pietro Bembo, and Angelo Poliziano.
Within the Catholic church, at the time Erasmus was producing his New Testament translation, Cardinal Ximenes was directing a team of scholars to produce the Complutensian Polyglot Bible, which eventually appeared in 1522.