Compound Word

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Compound Word


a word consisting of no fewer than two stems, each having a full lexical meaning, that together form a structural and semantic unit. Compound words are formed by joining two or more autonomous words (content) or the stems of these words into a complex whole according to a certain lexical pattern, as with the Russian words teploprovod (“hot-water pipe,” “steam pipe”), avianosets (“aircraft carrier”) and vertolet (“helicopter”). They may also be formed by nominalization, that is, by contraction and semantic compression of a syntactic construction (a word combination or clause); an example is found in the English “crybaby,” formed from “a baby cries.”

Compound words differ from word combinations or affixal derivatives graphically in that they are written as single words and phonetically in that they have a single strong stress. Morphologically they are distinct in that their parts are sometimes joined by a special connective morpheme, as with the Russian par-o-khod (“steamship”) and the German Nahrung-s-mittel (“means of nourishment”). There are also certain semantic features peculiar to compound words. Compound words can be classified on the basis of the relationship between their component parts. In German, the Scandinavian languages, and many other European languages, compound words are created in speech as readily as are word combinations; they are ad hoc in character and are not always recorded in dictionaries.


References in periodicals archive ?
In the compound word 'eb-barq' the word 'barq' denotes 'building' or 'a place of worship'.
A compound word is formed when two or more word roots are placed together to build a word.
To tag a token six of knowledge bases become the inputs which are knowledge base of root words compound words reduplicate words kata luar biasa" kata pandu" and affix.
Recent exposure to a compound word facilitates the subsequent processing of its constituents (Masson & MacLeod 1992; Sandra 1990; Weldon 1991; Whittlesea & Brooks 1988).
For food, they had "hanjeongsik" (Korean full-course meal), "samgyeopsal" (pork belly grill) and the anticipated "chimaek," a compound word of chicken and "maekju" (beer) which is widely known in China after a heroin at drama "My Love from the Star" had the food combo.
The month was specified with the compound word meiman (meimaen, meimane, meigman) 'May + month'.
His publisher describes Skoog's impulse as "Zugunruhe," a German compound word for "the restless behavior of animals prior to migration" and, as the zealous back cover copy adds, "a metaphor for poetry as a propulsive behavior that keeps the mind on the move.
The response word should relate to the other three such that one word of the three can be used to compose a sensical, 3-word phrase (stimulus word, response word, and a preposition), the second forms a compound word, and the third is a synonym.
The Greek compound word hiero-glyph can mean any kind of sacred engraving, but the mysterious hieroglyphs that come down to us from Egyptian culture have a special appeal.
According to Andrew Martin and his team from the Laboratory for Language Development at the RIKEN Brain Science Center, compound word formation is influenced by subtle forms of linguistic pressure, which demonstrates that words which "sound better" to the speakers of a language have a higher chance of being created.
GRAMMAR - THE BASICS Compound words: A compound word is a word made up of two words.
The compound word was used as an adjective in the sentence--'the man was overjoyed .