Comprehensive Survey

Survey, Comprehensive


in statistics, a survey in which all units without exception of the set under study (object of observation) undergo inspection. Examples of comprehensive surveys include a population census and census of small-scale industry. Current statistical reports based on accounting are also a type of comprehensive survey, since they encompass all socialist enterprises and organizations without exception for the purpose of checking upon the fulfillment of the state plans.

Simultaneous surveys are one kind of comprehensive survey. For example, a simultaneous survey of workers and employees of industrial enterprises was taken in the USSR during the Great Patriotic War; the resulting data were used to rationally distribute and utilize personnel. The Central Statistical Board of the USSR takes twice every five years (1) a simultaneous survey of the number of workers by trade or profession, wage category, and payments system; (2) a simultaneous survey of workers and employees by sex, age, and length of service; and (3) a yearly survey of specialists possessing higher and secondary specialized education.

Nonsampling errors, that is, the divergences between the observed values and the actual values of the phenomena being studied, occur during comprehensive surveys. Such errors appearing as a consequence of different random causes (incorrect statements by the respondents, random interchanging of digits) are called random errors. Errors arising as a consequence of specific causes are said to be systematic errors (for example, rounding off the age of the population). The data from comprehensive survevs are controlled and verified from the standpoint of completeness of coverage of the object and from the standpoint of quality. Thus, a comprehensive survey of livestock will be followed by a sampling taken from 10 to 20 percent of the sovkhozes, kolkhozes, and households in order to verify the completeness of the coverage.


References in periodicals archive ?
From Jesuits who helped develop experimental science during the Scientific Revolution to 18th century interactions between theology and scientific principles, SCIENCE AND RELIGION, 1450-1900 FROM COPERNICUS TO DARWIN is an excellent, comprehensive survey.
Project Teen Newfoundland and Labrador: A Comprehensive Survey, 2004 was conducted by Doreen Westera, Associate Professor in the School of Nursing, Memorial University, for the Department of Youth Services, and will be used to help educators and others who work with adolescents to better understand teens.
Tax Executives Institute has published a comprehensive survey of corporate tax departments.
Jareckie (Curator of Photographer Emeritus at the Worcester Art Museum) and Ben Charland (curatorial assistant at the Worcester Art Museum) provides a comprehensive survey of the development and history of photography in the United States.
In June, results from the most comprehensive survey to-date indicated that the panda population has grown by nearly 50 percent--meaning that there are now aproximately 1,600 giant pandas in the wild.
The last comprehensive survey of its resources was done in 1969 by Charles Rozaire.
The first project the CMRA's Issues & Education Fund will undertake is a comprehensive survey of all the information on the composition and characteristics of C&D fines.
Lavishly illustrated with color and b/w photographs, these two volumes offer readers a comprehensive survey of Japanese art from prehistoric times through the mid-20th century.
This is a wide ranging and comprehensive survey of children and the experience of childhood.
Respond to the ITC Survey on Offshore Competition--The second item for the to do list is to respond to the comprehensive survey from the U.
Rogers has assembled a comprehensive survey of the artist's twenty-five-plus-year career.
According to the introduction by Denton, "this is no orthodox textbook" although it is "nonetheless a coursebook" whose "aim is not to provide a comprehensive survey, but to give a perspective to the subject" of the organization of late medieval and Renaissance Europe.

Full browser ?